The 10 Most Common Diseases That Are Genetically Inherited

The Most Common Diseases That Are Genetically Inherited. Genetic diseases can be defined as changes in DNA. Furthermore, in a part of the DNA they alter the structure of a protein and, consequently, cause anatomical and physiological anomalies. These diseases are relatively rare, usually affecting few individuals in the population.

What we currently have are just techniques that slow the progression of the disease and reduce symptoms. So, check out now  The 10 Most Common Diseases That Are Genetically Inherited.

Hemophilia A:  This disease is characterized by a disorder in the blood clotting mechanism. The symptoms of this disease are the appearance of hematomas, hemarthrosis (bleeding in the joints), intracranial bleeding. Women are carriers of the disease-causing gene, but usually do not develop it. It may manifest in the child (male one of the Common diseases that are Genetically Inherited

Cancer:  Cancer is a disease arising from the interaction between environmental factors – such as smoking, infections, poor eating habits, sun exposure, etc. – and genetics. Some cancers are strongly related to environmental factors, such as lung and skin cancer. They are Common diseases that are Genetically Inherited , such as breast and colon cancer, the hereditary factor can have a greater weight. It is estimated that 10% of malignant tumors are hereditary.

If the individual has a genetic predisposition, he should see an oncologist for follow-up. He will carry out periodic preventive examinations. When a malignant tumor is diagnosed in the early stages, the chances of cure are great.

Depression :  There are several psychopathological states with undeniable hereditary and/or familial components. Genetic transmission is about probability and not certainties.(…) The greater the number of depressed antecedents among family members, the greater the probability of developing the most commondiseases  that are Genetically Inherited.

Constitutional depression. There is a significant percentage of children of depressed parents who develop the disease and, even more remarkable, a significant percentage when both parents are depressed, even if the child was raised by another non-depressed family.

Cystic Fibrosis:  It is one of the common diseases that are Genetically Inherited by both father and mother (although the disease does not manifest in either), which affects men and women in equal proportion. It compromises the functioning of the digestive, respiratory and sweat glands . Around 20% of the population are carriers of the cystic fibrosis gene, but do not have symptoms. It can be diagnosed early through the heel prick test.

Hemorrhoids:  Hemorrhoids or varicose veins affect people at any age, but are more common as a person ages. Although a person who maintains a low-fiber diet and leads a sedentary lifestyle is more likely to develop the condition, “at least part of the risk of hemorrhoids is genetic (hereditary),” doctors believe.

Other common everyday illnesses:

Ear Infection:  The so-called otitis media arises when there is accumulation of secretion in the ear canal, due to flu and colds, or from the milk itself, which can flow when breastfeeding with the baby horizontally, making the environment conducive to the proliferation of bacteria. The problem usually manifests at least once by age 5 years and may require treatment with antibiotics. In the case of babies, it is essential to be aware of signs such as intense crying and fever, these types of  diseases are common in everyday life.

There is also a milder condition, otitis externa, which usually occurs due to excess humidity. Drying the ears well with a towel, after contact with water, is the best way to reduce the occurrence – the use of cotton swabs is contraindicated, because they push the wax to the eardrums and reduce the protection of the ear canal.

Throat  Infection  : Lack of appetite and high fever , in general, characterize pharyngeal and tonsil infections, caused by viruses or bacteria . The viral type occurs more frequently up to 2 years of age and it is common to have three episodes a year – contagion occurs through contact with infected saliva and other secretions. The pain bothers for three days and the treatment, with analgesics and antipyretics, aims at relieving the symptoms until the disease spontaneously regresses, throat infection one of the  common diseases in everyday life.

Bacteria, on the other hand, trigger an intense condition, common between 3 and 6 years old, which requires the use of antibiotics. But be careful: you have to strictly follow the duration, intervals and doses of the medicine, otherwise microorganisms can become resistant. Very recurrent episodes may require surgery to remove the tonsils.

Chickenpox, Mumps:  rubella, measles . Caused by viruses, these diseases are transmitted through saliva and take 5 to 14 days to go into spontaneous remission. Treatment consists of relieving symptoms, with analgesics and antipyretics, and preventing complications – such as pneumonia, in the case of measles . All are preventable with the same vaccine, called tetra viral, applied in a single dose, at 15 months of age.

Each problem has its particularities, but symptoms such as fever, prostration, spots on the body, cough, runny nose and lack of appetite should be reported to the pediatrician as soon as possible. If there is contagion, restrict contact with other children to prevent transmission. In that case, give your child plenty of water, vegetables and fruits to increase his resistance. Mumps is one of the  common diseases in everyday life.

Rest is also essential. Another warning is that the mother can transmit rubella to the baby in the first trimester of pregnancy . Therefore, women who intend to become pregnant should undergo tests to detect if they are immune to the problem. If not, they need to be vaccinated.

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