Top 12 Measles Symptoms

The Main Symptoms of Measles  that many ignore and sometimes go unnoticed. In addition, Measles is an acute, viral, transmissible, extremely contagious and very common infectious disease in childhood. The initial symptoms presented by the patient are: fever accompanied by persistent cough, eye irritation and runny nose. After these symptoms, there is usually the appearance of reddish spots on the face, which progress towards the feet, lasting at least three days.

It can cause ear infections, pneumonia, seizures (seizures and staring), brain damage, and death. Subsequently, the virus can reach the respiratory tract, causing diarrhea and even infections in the brain. It is believed that these complications are triggered by the measles virus itself, which, in most cases, affects the malnourished, newborns, pregnant women and people with immunodeficiencies more severely.

Causes of Measles: Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by the virus called Morbillivirus, which generates fever , cough, runny nose and conjunctivitis, with small reddish balls that start near the scalp and then go down, spreading throughout the body. This disease is passed from one person to another through droplets of saliva that spread through the air.

The treatment of measles is done in order to relieve the symptoms because this disease is caused by a virus and so the body can get rid of it on its own, without the need for antibiotics.
The measles vaccine is the best way to prevent the disease and is part of the basic childhood vaccination schedule, given to children between 12 and 15 months, with a booster between 4 and 6 years. This vaccine is highly effective, but because the virus can mutate, sometimes even vaccinated people can become infected with measles. So, check out now,  The Top 12 Measles Symptoms.

Measles Symptoms: The incubation time of the measles virus is 10 days, and 4 days later , fever appears , which is the first symptom of measles. Cough and conjunctivitis appear soon after, until the spots on the skin begin to manifest. When these spots appear, in about 3 days, the other symptoms begin to decrease and usually the spots on the skin  disappear in up to 5 days and when they are disappearing they can cause flaking on the skin. Measles symptoms are:

  • Red spots on the skin  that appear first on the face and then spread towards the feet;
  • Rounded white spots inside the cheek;
  • high fever , above 38.5ºC;
  • Cough with phlegm;
  • Conjunctivitis;
  • Itchy skin ;
  • Hypersensitivity to light;
  • Running nose;
  • loss of appetite;
  • There may be headache, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and muscle pain.

Measles doesn’t itch like other diseases like chickenpox and rubella. The diagnosis of measles can be made by observing its symptoms, especially in the places most affected by the disease, or in the event of an epidemic, but it may be necessary to carry out a blood test that shows the presence of virus and antibodies against measles, when is in a city that is rarely affected by the disease.

Other diseases that can cause similar symptoms and therefore can be confused with measles are rubella, roseola, scarlet fever, Kawasaki disease, infectious mononucleosis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever  , enterovirus or adenovirus infection, and drug sensitivity. Rubella is a less serious illness without a cough.

Measles Treatment: Measles  treatment consists of reducing symptoms with rest, hydration and taking fever -reducing medication such as Dipyrone. Wiping your eyes with a clean gauze soaked in warm water can relieve conjunctivitis. But the World Health Organization recommends taking vitamin A for all children diagnosed with measles.

Usually, the person with measles recovers completely, achieving a cure in about 10 days after the onset of symptoms. But the doctor may recommend the use of antibiotics when there is evidence of a bacterial infection, if the person also has an ear infection or pneumonia, for example, because these are common complications of measles.

  • hydration.
  • healthy eating.
  • vitamin A supplementation and symptomatic medication for fever , nausea and vomiting.

Measles Prevention:  Susceptibility to the measles virus is general and the only form of prevention is vaccination. Only infants whose mothers have had measles or were vaccinated temporarily have antibodies transmitted through the placenta, which generally confer immunity during the first year of life (which may interfere with the response to vaccination). With the strengthening of vaccination strategies, surveillance and other control measures that have been implemented throughout the American continent since the late 1990s, Brazil and other countries in the Americas have managed to keep their populations free from the disease.

Currently, there is a record of imported cases that, if not properly controlled, can result in outbreaks and epidemics. The main risk groups are people from six months to 39 years of age. Among adults, workers in ports and airports, hotels and sex workers are more likely to contract measles, due to greater exposure to individuals from other countries that do not adopt the same intensive disease control policy. Children should receive two doses of the combined vaccine against rubella, measles and mumps (triple viral vaccine): the first at one year of age; the second dose, between four and six years.

Adolescents, adults (men and women) and, especially, in the current context of the risk of importation of cases, those belonging to the risk group, should also take the triple viral or double viral vaccine (against measles and rubella).

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