Symptoms of Vasculitis That Many Ignore are varied and of paramount importance. In addition, vasculitis is the name given to the group of diseases that cause inflammation of blood vessels. Inflammation of an artery or vein causes its wall to thicken, decreasing the space for blood to flow.
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In some cases, vasculitis can cause the vessel walls to weaken, causing them to give in to blood pressure, leading to the formation of aneurysms. So, check out The 10 Vasculitis Symptoms That Many Ignore.
Symptoms of Vasculitis: Symptoms of (or Angéitis) are caused by inflammation of the blood vessels ( artery , veins and capillaries) that can affect people of all ages. This systemic disorder affects the vascular system and alters the primary function of the arteries that carry oxygenated blood to the body’s tissues and the veins that carry deoxygenated blood to the heart .
Symptoms of vasculitis is a multisystem disease that can affect:
Causes of Vasculitis: Vasculitis canbe secondary to a disease or aggression, that is, caused by several factors or agents, the most common being infectious ( bacteria , viruses , protozoa ), which act directly on the vessel wall.
Other factors causing the symptoms of vasculitis can be drug agents (penicillin, quinine, various antibiotics). Lately, symptoms of vasculitis due to the use of illicit drugs (heroin, cocaine) have been common .
There is also the possibility that the symptoms of vasculitis are primary, caused by immunological reactions or by unknown mechanisms. They can be located in the skin alone or affect vessels of various organs such as kidneys , lungs and skin.
Types of Vasculitis: Vasculitis canaffect any type of artery or vein and damage from large vessels, such as the aorta artery , to microscopic vessels, such as the arterioles of the eyes or kidneys . The causes are still not fully understood, but vasculitides are, in general, processes mediated by defects in the immune system.
Vasculitides can occur secondary to some autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis ; infections such as hepatitis C , syphilis or AIDS ; or as a reaction to certain types of medication. There are also primary vasculitides , that is, those that occur without an apparent cause and without being associated with any other disease. Vasculitides can be divided by the size of the affected vessels:
Vasculitis of Great Vessels: Takayasu’s arteritis – vasculitis that affects large arteries , especially those closest to the heart , such as the aorta and its branches; Temporal arteritis (giant cell arteritis) – It also affects large arteries , especially the aorta and vessels of the face.
Medium and Small Vessel Vasculitis : It is a vasculitis that affects medium and small vessels, sparing the aorta. They may or may not be associated with other diseases such as lupus , hepatitis, scleroderma and neoplasia.
Vasculitis of Small and Microscopic Vessels: It is the vasculitis that affects the very small vessels inside the organs . They can also be primary or secondary. The most common are: