Dyspepsia – What is it, Symptoms and Treatments!

Dyspepsia – What is it, Symptoms and Treatments of this discomfort well known as indigestion. In addition, Dyspepsia is characterized by stomach pains. Dyspepsia can be related to a number of underlying conditions , but it includes a number of other symptoms such as pain, belching, bloating, heaviness, burning, nausea, and early satiety.

First, to correctly define dyspepsia , it is important to know that it is not a disease. Instead, dyspepsia is a cluster of common symptoms like belching (belching), bloating, and nausea.

Indigestion or Dyspepsia , also called stomachache , is a general term used to describe the physical discomfort or pain in the upper abdomen most commonly felt during or shortly after eating food. Some people experience dyspepsia daily, while others experience symptoms occasionally. Many people experience heartburn along with dyspepsia , but these are two separate problems.

Under normal conditions, there is a healthy peristalsis (set of muscle contractions) that occurs when we consume food. Peristalsis is the involuntary contraction and relaxation of smooth muscles that propel food through the esophagus and intestines. When peristalsis does not go well, it slows down the processing of food in the digestive tract and makes dyspepsia more likely.

Causes of Dyspepsia: Dyspepsia is more related to certain habits.
Dyspepsia can be caused by:

  • eating too fast;
  • Eating too much in one meal;
  • Drink a lot of alcohol;
  • Eating spicy foods;
  • Excessive consumption of caffeine;
  • Stress;
  • Smoke.

Other Possible Causes of Dyspepsia Include Medical Conditions Such As:

  • Ulcers;
  • Gallstones;
  • hiatal hernia;
  • esophagitis;
  • Pregnancy (especially late);
  • Pancreatitis;
  • Gastritis;
  • Stomach infections like Helicobacter pylori;
  • Food poisoning;
  • Gastroparesis (a condition in which the stomach does not empty properly, common in diabetics);
  • Food allergies or sensitivities;
  • Thyroid disease;
  • Depression;
  • Stomach cancer (rarely);
  • Heart disease, angina, heart attack (usually accompanied by other symptoms such as shortness of breath, nausea, vomiting and jaw pain).

Symptoms of Dyspepsia: Most people with dyspepsia experience pain and discomfort in the stomach or chest area. The sensation usually appears shortly after consumption of food or drink.

In some cases, symptoms may appear some time after a meal. Some people feel full during a meal, even if they haven’t eaten much. Heartburn and  Indigestion are two separate conditions. Heartburn is a burning sensation of the breastbone, usually after eating.

The Following Symptoms of Dyspepsia Are Also Common:

  • Nausea
  • belching
  • Feeling bloated (too full)
  • In very rare cases, indigestion can be a symptom of  stomach cancer .

Mild dyspepsia is rarely something to be concerned about. You should see your doctor if symptoms continue for more than two weeks. See your doctor right away if the pain is severe, and the following also occur:

  • Loss of appetite or weight loss
  • vomit
  • black stools
  • Jaundice (yellow coloration of the eyes and skin)
  • Chest pain when you strain
  • Shortness of breathe
  • Sweating
  • Radiation of chest pain to the jaw, arm, or neck

Dyspepsia Treatments: Dyspepsia can have several causes, so treatment varies according to the diagnosis established by the doctor. Therefore, only a trained specialist can tell you which drug is most suitable for your case, as well as the correct dosage and duration of treatment. The most common medications used to treat dyspepsia are:

  • antidin
  • cimetidine
  • Digedrat
  • Digeplus
  • domperidone
  • motilium
  • omeprazole
  • pantoprazole

Always follow your doctor’s instructions to the letter and NEVER self-medicate. Do not stop using the drug without consulting a doctor first, and if you take it more than once or in much larger amounts than prescribed, follow the instructions on the package insert.

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