Vaginal Dryness – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments!

Vaginal Dryness – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments  we should know. Also,  vaginal dryness is a condition that occurs when the vaginal tissues are not well lubricated. This is a very common problem among women who are going through menopause and beyond, as it mostly appears from a decrease in estrogen levels, although it is possible to be present at earlier ages.

This is a very irritating condition that, in addition to causing itching, burning and vaginal irritation, can cause pain during intercourse and, consequently, a significant decrease in sexual desire. Furthermore, the absence of vaginal discharge or reduction of it leaves the vaginal area exposed to numerous bacterial and fungal infections that can compromise your health.

Causes of Vaginal Dryness:  The main and most common cause of vaginal dryness are hormonal changes that women experience in the body at specific stages of life such as menopause, pregnancy, childbirth and lactation. Typically, these hormonal changes are associated with decreased levels of estrogen and progesterone, a hormone that helps keep the vagina well hydrated and lubricated.

However, when it decreases, the vaginal tissue tends to shrink and become thinner, which consequently causes inflammation and dryness. Vaginal dryness  is a frequent symptom of postmenopausal women because, at this stage, estrogen levels tend to decrease considerably and further cause other symptoms such as hot flashes, sweating, decreased bone mass, urinary incontinence, weight gain, etc. .

However, vaginal dryness is a symptom that can also appear or worsen due to other factors, such as those listed below:

  • Taking certain medications, such as antidepressants, some antihistamines, drugs used for breast cancer , ovarian or uterine cancer, infertility, endometriosis , or uterine fibroids .
  • Severe stress or depression .
  • Use intimate soaps, deodorants, vaginal perfumes, DOUCHES that are aggressive and irritating to the genital area.
  • Radiation treatment in the pelvic region.
  • Chemotherapy treatment.
  • Surgery to remove the ovaries.
  • Dehydration.

Main Symptoms of Vaginal Dryness:  This lack of lubrication in addition to the decrease or absence of vaginal discharge can lead to the suffering of other symptoms. Among the common vaginal dryness symptoms are the following:

  • Burning sensation when urinating.
  • Itching, vaginal irritation and pain.
  • Pain during intercourse.
  • Bleeding after coitus.

In addition to the above, vaginal dryness can increase the risk of certain types of vaginal infections caused by fungi or bacteria, as the vaginal discharge fluid is responsible for keeping the vagina safe from these organisms. Likewise, the risk of sores or cracks in the vaginal walls also increases.

Treatments For Vaginal Dryness:  Before symptoms of vaginal dryness , you should go to the gynecologist to undergo an evaluation to identify the cause of the problem. The specialist will proceed to examine the pelvic region to check if the vaginal walls are narrowed, they are reddened or pale and there may also be gray analysis of vaginal discharge or hormone levels.

There are different treatments for vaginal dryness that your doctor may recommend and among the most common and effective are the following:

  • Lubricants and Moisturizers:  Apply to the vagina to keep the opening and vaginal mucosa hydrated for several hours. Using a water-based lubricant during sex to increase lubrication and moisture in the vagina and prevent pain or discomfort during intercourse.
  • Estrogen Treatment:  Drugs available in cream, ring, suppository or tablet vary by releasing estrogen into the vagina.

In addition to the treatments above, there are some recommendations and lifestyle habits that women with vaginal dryness should also consider to help alleviate symptoms caused by the lack of natural lubrication in the vagina and not worsen this condition:

  • Avoid using soaps, perfumes, deodorants and showers that are irritating to the intimate area.
  • Increasing your usual water consumption, trying to drink at least 1.5 to 2 liters a day, also ingesting other healthy liquids, such as juices or teas. This will make the genital area remain better hydrated and prevent excessive vaginal dryness .
  • Avoid bad habits such as smoking or excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Include in the diet foods that are rich in Vitamin A , Vitamin B , beta-carotene and phytoestrogens, as these nutrients are good for vaginal dryness.
  • Combat stress by performing relaxation techniques.
  • During sex, it is important to prolong foreplay to increase vaginal lubrication and prepare for post-coital.

Home Remedies for Vaginal Dryness: In addition to the treatments for vaginal dryness that we mentioned in the previous section, you should know that there are some natural remedies that can help fight this disease and reduce the symptoms it causes. Some of the most effective are:

Chamomile: It has anti-inflammatory and soothing properties that help reduce vaginal dryness and itching. It is better to prepare a Chamomile Tea and make sitz baths with it.

Aloe Vera:  It is a great natural moisturizer, thereby reducing dryness and balancing the pH of the vagina. You can apply some aloe vera gel to the vaginal area.

Tea Tree Oil: It is hydrating and helps prevent vaginal infections from bacteria or fungi. Pour about 3 drops of oil onto a cotton pad and apply it to the outside of the vagina gently.

Calendula:  It is antibacterial and helps protect the vagina from infection. Prepare a tea with marigold flowers and perform sitz baths.
Discover many more options in the Home Remedies for Vaginal Dryness article.

This article is informative, they have no power to prescribe medical treatments or make any diagnosis. We invite you to visit a doctor in case you experience any kind of condition or discomfort.

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