Uterine Fibroma – Symptoms, Treatments and Causes

Uterine Fibroma is a benign tumor that affects about 50% of women aged between 30 and 50 years. In addition, uterine fibroids  develop from the smooth muscle tissue of the uterus myometrium, also called uterine fibroids. A single cell divides repeatedly and wildly, until it creates a distinct mass of nearby tissues.

Some fibroids go through growth spurts, and some can shrink on their own. In fact, many fibroids that occur during pregnancy tend to shrink or disappear after delivery. Uterine fibroids  are non-cancerous growths of the uterus that often appear during childbearing years. Uterine fibroids  are not associated with an increased risk of uterine cancer and almost never develop into cancer.

For those who have symptoms, the most common are:

  • heavy menstrual bleeding
  • Prolonged menstrual periods seven or more days of menstrual bleeding
  • Atypical monthly bleeding, sometimes with clots
  • Pelvic pressure or pain
  • frequent urination
  • Difficulty emptying the bladder
  • Constipation
  • Pain during sexual intercourse

Other fibroid growth factors: Substances that help the body maintain tissue can affect the growth of fibroids.

Genetic changes: Many fibroids contain changes in genes that make them different from normal uterine muscle cells. There is also some evidence that fibroids are more common among members of the same family and that identical twins are more likely to have fibroids compared to non-identical twins.

Hormonal factors: estrogen and progesterone, two hormones that stimulate the development of the endometrium during each menstrual cycle in order to prepare it for pregnancy, when in imbalance they can promote the growth of fibroids. Fibroids may contain more estrogen and progesterone receptors than normal uterine muscle cells. Also, some fibroids tend to shrink after menopause, likely because hormone production also declines.

Uterine Fibroma Treatment: There is no one-size-fits-all approach to treating uterine fibroids. If you have symptoms, talk to your doctor about the options that are best for you. Many women with uterine fibroids  experience no symptoms, or only mild, non-irritating signs. If this is your case, doing medical follow-up, without necessarily using any medication or having surgery, may be the best option.

Useful links: 

For women whose uterine fibroid symptoms bother daily activities or more advanced cases, there are some treatment modalities:

  • Hormonal drugs to stop the egg from developing
  • (IUD) progesterone releaser
  • contraceptives
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs for pain
  • Vitamin and iron supplement, due to the nutrients required in bleeding.

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