Urinary tract infection – symptoms, causes and treatment!

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is an infection by microbes, these are organisms that are too small to be seen without a microscope. Most UTIs are caused by bacteria, but some are caused by fungi and, in rare cases, viruses. UTIs are among the most common infections in humans. A Urinary Infection can happen in any part of your urinary tract . Your urinary tract is made up of your kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

Most UTIs involve only the urethra and bladder in the lower tract. However, UTIs can involve the ureters and kidneys in the upper tract. Although upper tract UTIs are rarer than lower urinary tract infection, they are also often more serious. Check now  Urinary Infection – Symptoms, Causes, Treatment and Prevention:

Symptoms of Urinary Infection:

The symptoms of a UTI depend on which part of the urinary tract is infected. Lower tract UTIs affect the urethra and bladder.

Symptoms of a lower tract UTI include:

  • burning with urination;
  • increased frequency of urination without passing too much urine;
  • increased urge to urinate;
  • with blood ;
  • safety;
  • that looks like glue or tea ;
  • urine that has a strong odor;
  • pelvic pain in women;
  • rectal pain in men.

Upper urinary tract infections affect the kidneys . These can be potentially fatal if bacteria move from the infected kidney into the blood . This condition, called urosepsis, can cause dangerously low blood pressure, shock, and death.

Symptoms of an upper tract UTI include:

  • pain and tenderness in the upper back and sides;
  • goosebumps;
  • fever;
  • nausea;
  • vomit.

Causes of Urinary Infection:

The urinary tract is made up of the bladder, kidneys , ureters and urethra. The vast majority of urinary tract infections (UTIs) are caused by the bacteria Escherichia coli (E. coli), normally found in the digestive system. Chlamydia and mycoplasma bacteria can infect the urethra but not the bladder.

ITUs are given different names depending on where they occur. For example:

  • A bladder infection is called cystitis;
  • Also, infection of the urethra is called urethritis;
  • kidney infection  is called pyelonephritis;
  • Also, the ureters are very rarely the site of infection .

Urinary tract infection treatment :

Drinking plenty of water helps clear urinary tract infections and reduces the risk of future infections. As  UTIs are usually caused by bacteria, they are most commonly treated with antibiotics or antimicrobials. In addition, the type of medication and duration of treatment will depend on the individual’s symptoms and medical history.

The full course of treatment should always be completed so that the Urinary Infection  is fully clear and to reduce the risk of antibiotic resistance. In addition, UTI symptoms may disappear before the infection is completely gone.

Drinking plenty of fluids and urinating frequently is always recommended for people who have urinary tract infections as this helps flush out the bacteria. A variety of pain relief medications can be prescribed to relieve pain. Applying a heating pad to your back or abdomen can also help.

Urinary Infection Prevention?

  • Also, in general, the main tip is to drink a lot of water – check if your urine is clear or cloudy;
  • Urinate after sexual intercourse and perform local hygiene if there is a previous history of urinary tract infection;
  • Also, don’t hold urine for too long.

The urologist Conrado Alvarenga also indicates having a good quality of life. “Maintaining immunity preserved is also very important, with good nutrition, good sleep and less stress. “

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