Tetanus – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments

Tetanus – What is it, Symptoms and Treatments with Medicines. In addition, tetanus is a serious infectious disease caused by a neurotoxin produced by Clostridium tetani, a bacterium commonly found in soil in the form of spores (resistance forms).

Tetanus , a vaccine – preventable disease, can affect individuals of any age and is not transmissible from one person to another. The occurrence of the disease is more frequent in regions where vaccination coverage of the population is low and access to medical care is limited. Tetanus is a serious bacterial disease that affects the neurological system and, among other complications, can even lead to death.

Causes:  Tetanus is caused by the bacterium Clostridium tetani, which can be found in soil, dust, and animal feces. Tetanus infection begins when the ofthe transmitting bacteria enter the body through a wound  or wound, where they release bacteria that spread through the bloodstream and produce a poison called tetanospasmin.

This poison blocks neurological signals from the spine to the muscles, causing intense muscle spasms. The spasms can be so severe that they tear muscles or cause spinal fractures.

Transmission:  Transmission occurs by introducing the spores of the bacteria into external wounds, usually puncture wounds, contaminated with earth, dust, animal or human feces. This is because the bacillus is found in the intestines of animals, especially horses and humans (without causing disease) and the spores can be present both in soils contaminated by feces or manure, as well as in skin or street dust, for example.

Burns and necrotic tissues are also a gateway, which favors the development of the bacteria. Not only rusty nails and fences can cause the disease: the tetanus bacteria can be found in the most diverse environments.

On the other hand, the transmission of neonatal tetanus, also called “seven-day disease”, occurs through contamination of the umbilical stump by spores of the tetanus bacillus, which may be present in dirty instruments used to cut the umbilical cord or in unsanitary substances used to cover the umbilical cord. the stump..

Symptoms:  The time between infection  and the first signs of symptoms is usually one to three weeks. The incubation period for the bacteria is, on average, seven to eight days. The main symptoms are:

  • Twitching and stiffness in the jaw
  • Stiffness in the muscles of the neck and back of the neck
  • Stiffness in the muscles of the abdomen
  • Body spasms that cause pain and last for several minutes, usually caused by loud sounds, physical touch, and sensitivity to light
  • Fever
  • Sweating
  • Hypertension
  • Accelerated heartbeat

Tetanus Treatment:  There is no cure for Tetanus , so treatment will focus on healing the wound where the spores of the bacteria have entered and using medication to treat the symptoms. In addition to properly cleaning the injured area, to avoid more serious complications, the doctor may prescribe some medications that can bring relief and comfort to the patient, such as antitoxins, antibiotics, sedatives and other pain relievers.

Breathing support with oxygen, a breathing tube, and a breathing machine may be needed. The most commonly used drugs for the treatment of tetanus are:

  • diazepam

NOTE : Only a doctor can tell you which drug is most suitable for you, as well as the correct dosage and duration of treatment. Always follow your doctor’s instructions to the letter and NEVER self-medicate. Do not stop using the drug without consulting a doctor first, and if you take it more than once or in much larger amounts than prescribed, follow the instructions on the package insert.

Tetanus Prevention:  The best way to prevent yourself is through vaccination. After the first dose, you must wait ten years before taking the second. Taking both doses of the tetanus vaccine is essential to ensure immunization. Thoroughly cleaning all wounds and wounds and removing dead or heavily damaged tissue (with debris) when appropriate can reduce the risk of developing tetanus .

If you have been injured outdoors or in a way where contact with the ground is likely, contact your doctor about the possible risk of tetanus . Many people believe that injuries caused by rusty needles are the most serious. This is only true if the needle is dirty and rusty, as is often the case. It is the dirt on the needle, not the rust, that carries the risk of tetanus .

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