Testicular Cancer – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments!

Testicular Cancer – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments of this type of cancer. Also, Testicular Cancer originates in one or both  testicles . The testes are the male reproductive glands located inside the scrotum, which is the pouch of skin located under the penis. Your testes are responsible for producing sperm and the hormone testosterone. Testicular cancer usually starts with changes in the germ cells, which are the cells in the testicles that produce sperm.

Testicular cancer is sometimes called a germ cell tumor. The two main types of Testicular Cancer are seminomas. Seminomas are testicular cancers that grow slowly. They are usually confined to the testes , but lymph nodes can also be involved. Nonseminomas are the most common form of Testicular Cancer . This type is faster and can spread to other parts of the body.

Testicular cancer is the most commonly diagnosed cancer in men ages 15 to 35, but it can occur at any age. It is also one of the most treatable cancers, even though it has spread to other areas. According to the American Cancer Society, for those with early-stage Testicular Cancer , the five-year survival rate is over 95%. Survival rate is lower for those with more advanced stages of Testicular Cancer

Causes of Testicular Cancer: There is still no definite cause for Testicular Cancer , but it is known that some risk factors may be associated with the onset of the disease. The most common is cryptorchidism, that is, the permanence of the testicle outside the scrotum after birth. The others are some rare genetic syndromes, chronic trauma, and a history of the disease in the past. Some studies show a slightly increased risk in people with a family history of  Testicular Cancer.

Testicular Cancer Symptoms: Some men are asymptomatic when diagnosed with Testicular Cancer . When symptoms do appear, they can include:

  • Testicular pain or discomfort
  • testicle swelling
  • Abdominal or lower back pain
  • Enlargement of breast tissue
  • Make an appointment with your doctor if you have any of these symptoms.

Testicular Cancer Treatments: There are three general categories of treatments used for Testicular Cancer . Depending on the stage of your cancer, you may be treated with one or more options:

  • Surgery is used to remove one or both testicles and some surrounding lymph nodes to both study and treat cancer.
  • Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays to kill cancer cells. It can be administered externally or internally. External radiation uses a machine that targets radiation at the cancerous area. Internal radiation involves the use of radioactive seeds or threads placed in the affected area. This form is usually successful in treating seminomas.
  • Chemotherapy uses drugs to kill cancer cells. It is a systemic treatment, meaning it can kill cancer cells that have traveled to other parts of the body. When taken orally or through the veins, it can travel through the bloodstream to kill cancer cells.

In very advanced cases of Testicular Cancer , high doses of chemotherapy may be given, followed by a stem cell transplant. Once the chemotherapy has destroyed the cancer cells, stem cells are administered and these cells develop into healthy blood cells.

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Prevention of Testicular Cancer: The development of Testicular Cancer is associated with family history, injuries and trauma to the scrotum, and cryptorchidism (when the testicle does not descend into the scrotum). As there is no way to avoid it, monthly self-examination of the testicles is recommended . In childhood, it is important to see a pediatrician to verify that the descent of the testicles into the scrotum has occurred normally.

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