Top 5 Symptoms of Syphilis

The Main Symptoms of Syphilis are diverse and cannot be ignored. In addition, syphilis  is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by the bacterium Treponema pallidum that can manifest in five stages. The biggest symptoms of syphilis occur in the first two stages, when the disease is most contagious. The third stage may have no symptoms and, therefore, gives the false impression that the disease is cured.

All sexually active people should be tested for syphilis , especially pregnant women, as congenital syphilis can cause miscarriage , fetal malformation and/or death at birth. The test should be done at the 1st prenatal visit, in the 3rd trimester of pregnancy and at the time of delivery (regardless of previous exams).

Special care should also be taken during childbirth to avoid sequelae in the baby, such as blindness, deafness  and mental retardation. Syphilis is a silent disease and requires care After the initial infection, the bacteria can remain in a person’s body for decades, only to manifest themselves again later. So, check out  Top 5 Symptoms of Syphilis.

Signs and Symptoms of Syphilis: The first symptoms of syphilis  are small sores on the sexual organs and lumps  in the groin (groin), which appear between 7 and 20 days after unprotected sex with someone infected. The wound and the tongues do not hurt, do not itch, do not burn and do not have pus. Even without treatment, these sores can disappear without scarring . But the person remains sick and the disease develops. Upon reaching a certain stage, spots may appear on various parts of the body (including hands and feet) and hair loss.

After some time, which varies from person to person, the spots also disappear, giving the idea of ​​improvement. The disease can be parked for months or years, until serious complications such as blindness, paralysis, brain disease and heart problems arise, and can even lead to death.

Hard but not always painful lesions on the genitals are the first symptom of syphilis . Called chancres, they usually appear on the genitals, but they can also occur on the anus, skin, gums, palms and soles of the feet. Even without treatment, these lesions usually disappear in a few days, but the disease remains active in the body and can cause other symptoms: reddish spots on the skin and mucous membranes ( secondary syphilis ) and changes in the central nervous system ( tertiary syphilis ).

Main Symptoms of Syphilis:

Primary syphilis:  Wound, usually single, at the site of entry of the bacteria (penis, vulva, vagina, cervix, anus, mouth, or other skin sites), which appears between 10 to 90 days after infection. It doesn’t hurt, it doesn’t itch, it doesn’t burn and it doesn’t have pus, and it can be accompanied by inguas ( lumps ) in the groin.

Secondary Syphilis:  The signs and symptoms of syphilis appear between six weeks and six months after the initial wound appears and after spontaneous healing. Spots on the body, especially on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. They don’t itch, but bumps can appear on the body.

Latent Syphilis – Asymptomatic Phase:  No signs or symptoms of syphilis appear. It is divided intorecent latent syphilis (less than one year of infection) and late latent syphilis (more than one year of infection). The duration is variable and may be interrupted by the appearance of signs and symptoms of the secondary or tertiary form.

Tertiary syphilis:  It can appear from two to 40 years after the onset of infection. It usually presents signs and symptoms of syphilis , mainly skin , bone , cardiovascular  and neurological lesions, which can lead to death.

Congenital Syphilis:  It is a disease transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy. Complications of this form of the disease are: spontaneous abortion, premature birth, fetal malformation, deafness, blindness, mental deficiency and/or death at birth. Therefore, it is important to test for syphilis during prenatal care and, when the result is positive, to correctly treat the woman and her sexual partner, to avoid vertical transmission.

Main Causes: Syphilis is caused by a bacterium called Treponema pallidum, which is usually transmitted via sexual contact and enters the body through small cuts in the skin or mucous membranes. Syphilis  happens during a sexually transmitted disease, but it is only contagious in the primary and secondary stages, and sometimes during the early latent period.

Rarely, the disease can be transmitted by kissing, but it can also be congenital, being passed from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth. Once cured, syphilis cannot reappear – unless the person is reinfected by someone who is sick . contaminated.

Syphilis Treatment:  The treatment of choice is benzathine penicillin, but it is recommended to seek a healthcare professional for correct diagnosis and appropriate treatment, depending on each stage.

When syphilis is detected in the pregnant woman , treatment must be indicated by a health professional and started as soon as possible. In the case of pregnant women, it is important that the treatment is carried out with benzathine penicillin, as this is the only drug capable of preventing vertical transmission. The sexual partnership should also be tested and treated to avoid reinfection of the pregnant woman. Child care, because if the child is born with congenital syphilis , he/she must be hospitalized for treatment for 10 days, requiring a series of exams before being discharged.

Prevention To Avoid Syphilis:  The most effective way to prevent syphilis is to have sexual intercourse always using a condom . In addition to preventing syphilis , condoms  help prevent all other sexually transmitted diseases, including AIDS , which has no cure.

In this aspect, it is important to make young people at the beginning of their sexual life aware of the importance of condoms . Dialogue is important to clarify all doubts, since syphilis is an extremely contagious disease that can lead to death.

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In case of doubt, suspicion, talk to your doctor and schedule the exams as soon as possible. As it is a disease that has no symptoms in the early stages and in the last stage it has severe symptoms, syphilis should be diagnosed as early as possible. Prevention and awareness continue to be the best way to fight syphilis , which can affect pregnant women and babies and cause great discomfort at this stage of life.

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