Top 10 Symptoms of Hydrocephalus!

The Main Symptoms of Hydrocephalus  that everyone should be aware of. Also, Hydrocephalus is the accumulation of fluid in the cavities (ventricles) inside the brain . Excess fluid increases the size of the ventricles and puts pressure on the brain . Normally, cerebrospinal fluid flows through the ventricles and bathes the brain and spine.

But the pressure from the excess cerebrospinal fluid associated with hydrocephalus can damage brain tissues and cause a wide spectrum of impairments in brain function. Although hydrocephalus can occur at any age, it is more common among children and older adults. So, check out  Top 10 Symptoms of Hydrocephalus:

What is Hydrocephalus:  The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF or cerebrospinal fluid) bathes the brain and spinal cord and fills the ventricular cavities in the brain, cushioning any traumas or mechanical shocks to the central nervous system. The liquor is produced and reabsorbed by the ventricles, through the bloodstream and circulates through them through delicate orifices that can be obstructed, hindering its circulation.

Hydrocephalus is a situation in which there is an imbalance between the production, circulation or absorption of this fluid, with a marked increase in it. It refers to the accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the cranial ventricular cavities (which makes them increase in size) and in the subarachnoid space and to the pressure that it starts to exert on the structures of the brain , which can cause injuries and swelling.

Symptoms of Hydrocephalus:

  • Abnormal growth of the skull.
  • Tense fontanelle.
  • Abnormal spacing between the bones of the skull.
  • Stretched scalp.
  • Irritability.
  • Epileptic attacks.
  • Headaches .
  • Difficulties in locomotion.
  • Loss of physical skills.
  • Personality changes.
  • vomiting .
  • Lethargy.

Causes of Hydrocephalus: Hydrocephalus is caused by an imbalance between the amount of cerebrospinal fluid produced and the amount absorbed into the bloodstream. Cerebrospinal fluid is produced by tissues lining the ventricles of the brain and it flows through the ventricles through interconnecting channels and eventually flows into the spaces surrounding the brain and spinal column. This is mainly absorbed by blood vessels in tissues near the base of the brain .

Diagnosis of Hydrocephalus: Generally, a diagnosis of Hydrocephalus is based on:

  • general physical exam
  • a neurological exam
  • brain imaging tests

The type of neurological examination will depend on the age of the person. The neurologist can ask questions and perform relatively simple tests in the office to assess muscle condition, which includes checking reflexes, muscle strength, muscle tone, and sensory status.

The doctor should also assess the sense of touch, vision and eye movement and hearing. To assess movement, the doctor may check coordination and balance. To assess psychiatric condition, he may test mental status and mood

Brain imaging can show dilated ventricles caused by excess cerebrospinal fluid. These can also be used to identify underlying causes of hydrocephalus or other conditions that contribute to symptoms.

Treatment For Hydrocephalus:  One of two surgical treatments can be used to treat hydrocephalus . The most common treatment for hydrocephalus is the surgical insertion of a drainage system, called a shunt. This is a long, flexible tube with a valve that keeps fluid in the brain flowing in the right direction and at the right rate. One end of the tubing is usually placed in one of the ventricles of the brain .

The tube is then encapsulated under the skin of another part of the body where excess cerebrospinal fluid can be more easily absorbed, such as the abdomen, or a chamber in the heart. People who have hydrocephalus usually need a shunt system for the rest of their lives, and regular monitoring is necessary.

The other possible treatment for Hydrocephalus is endoscopic third ventriculostomy. This is a surgical procedure that can be used on some people. In the procedure, the surgeon uses a small video camera to take a direct view inside the brain and makes a hole at the bottom of one of the ventricles or between the ventricles to allow cerebrospinal fluid to flow out of the brain .

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