Top 10 Risk Factors For Osteoarthritis!

The Top 10 Risk Factors for Osteoarthritis are important for health , so why, the Risk Factors for Osteoarthritis  can be of great help when it comes to preventing Osteoarthritis . In addition, Osteoarthritis , also called osteoarthritis, is a disease that attacks the joints, mainly promoting the wear of the cartilage that covers the ends of the bones, but which also damages other joint components such as ligaments, synovial membrane and fluid. synovial

The articular cartilage has the function of promoting the sliding, without friction, between two bony ends during the movement of a joint. Its impairment can generate pain , swelling  and functional limitation. Although it can damage any joint in the body, osteoarthritis  most commonly affects the joints of the hands, spine, knees and hips.

Osteoarthritis gets progressively worse over time, and there is no cure But treatments can slow the progression of the disease, relieve pain  and improve joint function. According to data from the Ministry of Health, Osteoarthritis  affects 15 million people in Brazil. In addition, the World Health Organization (WHO) states that Osteoarthritis  is the fourth disease that most reduces the quality of life for each year lived.

Causes of Osteoarthritis:  People with osteoarthritis  do not maintain enough healthy cartilage as they age, which means that movement becomes more painful as the bones move closer together rather than being blocked by the slippery substance that is supposed to act as a buffer between the bones.

We need cartilage to help bones “slide” and also to absorb vibrations or shocks we experience when we move, which is why most people with degenerative joint disease have a hard time carrying out normal, everyday activities. When the disease progresses enough, the bones rub together in a way that causes inflammation, swelling , pain ,  and loss of mobility.

In people who do not suffer from osteoarthritis  or other forms of joint damage (such as rheumatoid arthritis), their joints are encased in smooth cartilage and lined with synovial fluid that helps with the “sliding” of cartilage against bone, bone against muscle, and muscle. against connective tissues.

In severe cases of the disease, the joints begin to become smaller and also change shape, while small deposits of bone (osteophytes, which are sometimes also called bone spurs) can also form around the edges of the joints where must not be. The main problem with bone spurs is that at any time they can break, causing more pain  and complications.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis:  In the beginning, Osteoarthritis  may have no symptoms, being seen only through radiographs. Pain is the main symptom, which at first occurs only with movement of the affected joint and improves with rest, but progresses to deep pain even at rest.

Often the pain  is accompanied by stiffness when getting up in the morning or after a long period of sitting. There may also be decreased movement, joint noise (crackling), joint swelling , deformities and lack of firmness when performing movements.

Main Risk Factors for Osteoarthritis: Factors that increase the risk of developing Osteoarthritis :

  • Heredity: There is some evidence that genetic mutations can make an individual more prone to osteoarthritis.
  • Weight: Weight increases pressures on joints such as the knee.
  • Age: Cartilage undergoes changes in its strength like any tissue in the human body over time.
  • Gender: Women  over 50 years of age are more likely than men.
  • Trauma: Previous knee injury, including sports injuries, can lead to osteoarthritis .
  • High-impact sports: Elite soccer players, long-distance runners, and tennis players have an increased risk of developing osteoarthritis .
  • Other diseases: Repeated episodes of gout or septic arthritis, metabolic disorders and some congenital conditions can also increase the risk of developing osteoarthritis .

Tratamentos Para a  Artrose: Existem diferentes tratamentos para a Artrose. Antes de iniciar o tratamento, especialmente com medicamentos, converse com o seu médico. Sabemos que mudar seu estilo de vida, como fazer mais exercícios e perder de peso, são métodos muito eficazes como tratamento coadjuvante da Artrose. Quando há uma crise ou surto de Artrose, a pessoa deve ficar em repouso.

Principais Tratamentos Para Artrose:

  • Tratamento físico (fisioterapia, osteopatia, ergoterapia…)
  • Drug treatments ( pain treatment  and cartilage reconstitution)
  • Orthopedic aid (prosthesis)
  • Operation (prosthesis)

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