Rhinorrhagia – What it is, Causes and Treatments. In addition, Rhinorrhagia , also called nosebleeds, is a very common situation, which affects more than 60% of the population at some point in their lives. Despite being scary, nosebleeds rarely cause any major complications. In most cases, blood loss can be easily controlled at home without medical assistance.
Rhinorrhagia is more common in children under 10 years of age and in adults over 45 years of age . Most cases of the disease arise from trauma to the nasal mucosa. The act of putting your finger inside your nose to get the snot is the main cause.
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Most nosebleeds are self-limiting and can be managed at home. While trying to stop the bleeding, it is important to prevent the blood from flowing backwards towards the pharynx, which favors its swallowing or even its aspiration through the lungs, if the bleeding is very voluminous.
Causes of Rhinorrhagia:
- Acute or chronic sinusitis
- Use of anticoagulants
- Exposure to chemical irritants such as ammonia
- cocaine use
- common cold
- Deviated septum
- Foreign body in the nose
- Nasal sprays, such as those used to treat allergies, if used frequently
- non-allergic rhinitis
- nose trauma
Treatment of Rhinorrhagia:
The treatment of Rhinorrhea depends on the underlying cause of this disorder.
Sometimes it doesn’t need any treatment and stops by itself, serious conditions are triggered by severe Neurology and other related conditions.
Prevention of Rhinorrhagia:
Topical application of antibiotic-containing ointment to the nasal mucosa has been shown to be an effective treatment for recurrent epistaxis. One study found this to be as effective as nasal cauterization in preventing recurrent epistaxis in patients without active bleeding at the time of treatment – both had an approximately 50 percent success rate