Osteopenia – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments that everyone should be aware of. In addition, Osteopenia is the early loss of bone density that makes bones weaker. Therefore, if not treated properly, Osteopenia can turn into osteoporosis , which is a more serious problem in which the bones are very weak and can break with small blows. So, check out Osteopenia – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments:
What is Osteopenia: Osteopenia isa health problem caused by the decrease in bone density , which causes weakness and increases the risk of fractures. There are other diseases that affect the bones that have similar names, such as the already known osteoporosis .
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However, Osteopenia is regarded as a warning for osteoporosis . It’s like the middle stage between a healthy person and someone suffering from osteoporosis . That is why it is so important to know how to identify what facilitates the appearance of Osteopenia and how to prevent it from affecting your health early.
Causes of Osteopenia: Age can be a deciding factor for Osteopenia . That’s because, over the years, bone cells are absorbed faster than the body can produce. When this happens, bones lose minerals and their structure weakens over time, increasing the risk of fracture.
It is natural for people after their early thirties to start losing bone mass. The stronger your bones are at this stage, the longer it will take for them to weaken.
Sunbathing is the best way to maintain Vitamin D levels , but depending on your lifestyle, this can be difficult. Therefore, more and more people are turning to the use of Vitamin D supplements . A sedentary lifestyle is another factor that influences the onset of Osteopenia , in addition to smoking and excess alcohol.
Symptoms of Osteopenia: Osteopenia isusually an asymptomatic condition. Relevant symptoms only begin to appear when the bones are seriously compromised, at this stage the patient has already been affected by osteoporosis .
The most common symptoms are compression fractures of the vertebrae, causing bone pain and tenderness, reduced stature and increased dorsal kyphosis. In some cases, fractures of the femoral neck, wrist and ribs can also occur. And the pain is directly associated with the place where the bone wear or fracture occurred.
How to Avoid Osteoporosis: Treatment for Osteopenia should be started quickly to prevent the development of osteoporosis , and it is important to change lifestyle habits such as regular physical activity and eating foods rich in calcium .
Treatment for Osteopenia: The problem reaches, mainly, the female audience. White-skinned, thin, short women are even more susceptible.
The objective of the treatment is to avoid the degradation of bone tissue that can lead to osteoporosis and can be carried out with the use of specific drugs that help increase calcium absorption and its deposition in the bones , in addition to calcium and Vitamin D supplementation. . But the main treatment is done through the adoption of a healthier lifestyle that cancels out the risk factors:
- Healthy food rich in calcium and Vitamin D ;
- Practice of physical activities regularly, giving preference to those that can be performed with sun exposure to help with calcium absorption ;
- Physiotherapy to help strengthen the muscles, through less aggressive exercises that reduce the risk of bone fractures.