Orchitis – What is it, Symptoms and Treatments!

Orchitis – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments of this disease that many are unaware of. Also, Orchitis is an inflammation of the testicles. This inflammation can be caused by bacteria or viruses. Both testicles can be affected by Orchitis at the same time. However, symptoms usually appear in just one testicle. This type of testicular inflammation is often associated with the mumps virus .

Orchitis , or orchiepididymitis , can be inflammatory (when there is trauma) or infectious ( infection with viruses and bacteria). Viral orchitis can be caused by mumps , in men who acquire it at puberty, during the course of the disease.

Orchiepididymitis can be transmitted through STDs (sexually transmitted diseases) such as gonorrhea and chlamydia. Bacteria such as Escherichia coli, which cause kidney infections, are also causes of orchiepididymitis. Inflammatory orchiepididymitis can also be caused by local trauma.

Causes: Orchitis can be caused by the most diverse factors, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites, spirochetes, or be due to trauma, chemical causes or be idiopathic (of unknown cause). One of the main causative factors of Orchitis is the mumps virus .

Therefore, people who have not previously been infected with the mumps virus should be vaccinated against it, as one in five men who have mumps develops some form of orchitis , potentially sterilizing and causing impotence.

Symptoms: The main signs and symptoms of Orchitis are:

  • Swelling (increase in volume) and pain in the testicle(s) that spreads to the iliac fossa on the same side and is exacerbated by handling the testicles.
  • Hyperemic scrotum.
  • Heaviness in the scrotum.
  • Blood ejaculation.
  • Hematuria.
  • Sweat in the testicles.
  • Fever.
  • malaise.

Treatments:  The urologist should be sought as soon as symptoms appear. If, through urinalysis, scrotal ultrasound, tests for gonorrhea and chlamydia, inflammation is detected , treatment should be started. Treatment includes general rest, sexual rest, use of special swimwear by the patient, analgesics and anti-inflammatories.

The non-treatment of Orchitis can lead to a decrease in the volume of the testicles, infertility, in addition to the possibility of the infection progressing to an abscess. There are cases where it is necessary to remove the testicle. It is important to remember that the increase in volume in the scrotum, sensitivity when handling it, but without pain symptoms, can be the cause of a tumor; therefore, the urologist must be consulted.

Prevention: Some cases of Orchitis cannot be prevented. This is especially true if you suffer from congenital urinary tract problems. However, you can protect yourself against certain types ofviral orchitis . Vaccinate your children against mumps to reduce their risk of contracting orchitis .

Practicing safe sex can help prevent bacterial orchitis . Use a condom and find out about your partner’s sex life.

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