The 12 Most Common Hereditary Diseases

The Most Common Hereditary Diseases are varied. In addition, the Most Common Hereditary Diseases are produced by sequential changes in the DNA of a single gene. About 6,000 single-gene hereditary diseases have been identified and there is a prevalence of one case for every 200 births. Among the most common monogenic diseases we find: Hemophilia, Sickle Cell Anemia , Cystic Fibrosis, and Phenylketonuria.

Family ties can be very strong, so strong that several Hereditary Diseases , or conditions, are common in children through their parents or grandparents where diseases can be traced directly through ancestry or ethnic origin. For example, Sickle Cell Anemia is a common genetic disorder that primarily affects people of African or Mediterranean descent. So, check out The 12 Most Common Hereditary Diseases:

Obesity: A person with a BMI above 30 is considered obese. A person with obesity tends to have other diseases and risk factors that pose a threat to their life. Studies show that “between 40% and 70% of the variation in the phenotype associated with obesity has a hereditary character”. In this case, genetics can manifest itself in caloric expenditure or in appetite change.

Other research shows that the children of women who followed a low-calorie diet during pregnancy tend to become obese adults. Obesity is one of the Most Common Hereditary Diseases .

Down syndrome: Down syndrome, a common chromosomal abnormality that affects about 1 in 1000 newborns (particularly in older pregnant women), results when an extra copy of genes occurs on chromosome 21. Down syndrome can be detected by prenatal testing. It is one of the most common hereditary diseases .

Hemophilia A: This disease is characterized by a disorder in the blood clotting mechanism . The symptoms of this disease are the appearance of hematomas, hemarthrosis (bleeding in the joints), intracranial bleeding. Women are carriers of the disease-causing gene, but usually do not develop it. It may manifest in the child (male), which makes this disorder one of the Most Common Hereditary Diseases.

Sickle Cell Anemia: Sickle Cell Anemia is one of the Most Common Hereditary Diseases , it occurs when red blood cells are unable to carry enough oxygen throughout the body due to healthy disk-shaped deformation of red blood cells. Sickle Cell Anemia is more prevalent in African people, the Mediterranean, the Caribbean, Central and South America, and the lower Middle East.

Cancer: Cancer is without a doubt one of themost common hereditary diseases . It is a disease arising from the interaction between environmental factors – such as smoking, infections, poor eating habits, sun exposure, etc. – and genetics. Some cancers are strongly related to environmental factors, such aslung and skin cancer . In others, such as breast and colon cancer, the hereditary factor may have a greater weight. It is estimated that 10% of malignant tumors are hereditary.

Celiac Disease: This genetic digestive disorder afflicts patients with gluten intolerance. Basically, celiac sufferers cannot digest any products or foods that contain gluten (ie processed foods made from wheat and related grains). If undiagnosed, it can often lead to malnutrition and dehydration due to severe diarrhea. It is among the Most Common Hereditary Diseases , additional signs of the condition include abdominal bloating and stomach pain.

Hemorrhoids: Hemorrhoids or varicose veins affect people at any age, but are more common as a person ages. Although a person who maintains a low-fiber diet and leads a sedentary lifestyle is more likely to develop the disease, “at least part of the risk of hemorrhoids is genetic, studies report that hemorrhoids are one of the most common hereditary diseases today. .

Cystic Fibrosis: It is a genetic disease transmitted by the father and the mother (although the disease does not manifest in either), which affects, in equal proportion, men and women. It compromises the functioning of the digestive, respiratory and sweat glands. Around 20% of the population are carriers of the cystic fibrosis gene, which is why it is classified as one of the Most Common Hereditary Diseases , but they do not have symptoms. It can be diagnosed early through the heel prick test.

Bloom Syndrome: Ashkenazi Jews are the ethnicity most prone to Bloom Syndrome, with the genetic condition affecting one in 110 in cases where the parents carry the affected DNA, which makes this syndrome one of the Most Common Hereditary Disorders . Bloom Syndrome increases the risk of certain childhood cancers, as well as chronic lung disease and type 2 diabetes . Additional indicators include small stature, sun-sensitive skin, a swollen nose, a high-pitched voice, facial skin rash, and a face narrowing.

Color blindness: This is also one of the Most Common Hereditary Diseases . It is characterized as a visual disorder whose carrier is unable to differentiate all or some of the colors. Its transmission occurs, in short, as follows: if the mother or father is colorblind, 50% of the children will inherit the disorder. If both of you have the disease, all your children will have it too.

Arterial Hypertension: Popularly known as high blood pressure, it is one of the most common hereditary diseases in the world today and is basically characterized by increased pressure in the arteries. In addition to heredity being a major causative factor, obesity can also cause this disease.

Diabetes: This disease could not be left out of this list of the Most Common Hereditary Diseases . According to the American Diabetes Association, the odds of a child inheriting type 1 diabetes from their father is 5.9%. A child whose mother gave birth until age 25 will have a 4% chance of inheriting type 1 diabetes, or 1% if born when the mother was over 25 years old.

The odds of a child inheriting type 2 diabetes from their parents are 14.3%. Some doctors believe that the chances increase if the mother has the disease. When the couple has type 2 diabetes, the chances of inheriting the disease are 50%.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *