Menorrhagia – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Menorrhagia is when blood loss is greater than normal and is sometimes associated with a significant variation in the patient’s usual menstrual pattern. Although there are individual variations, menses that last more than 7 days are usually considered abnormal, those that occur at intervals of less than 21 days, when the loss is intermenstrual, and those in which the blood loss exceeds 80 ml, without necessarily last many days.

Menorrhagia Symptoms:  The characteristic symptom of Menorrhagia  is profuse blood loss from the vagina for more than 7 days. Other symptoms that commonly accompany menstrual bleeding are:

  • Pain in the intimate region;
  • Menstruation with large pieces;
  • Abdominal swelling;
  • Easy tiredness;
  • There may be fever.
  • When the woman feels these symptoms, she should look for a gynecologist to perform a physical, gynecological, blood, ultrasound exam in order to diagnose the cause and start the appropriate treatment.

What Are the Risk Factors: A risk factor is that which increases the chances of getting a disease or condition. People most at risk for Menorrhagia include:

  • Adolescents who started menstruating during the last 12 to 18 months
  • Women approaching menopause
  • Women with hereditary bleeding disorders
  • obese women
  • Gynecological pathology that must be evaluated and diagnosed (uterine fibroids, endometrial pathology…)

What are the Possible Causes of Menorrhagia: In some cases, the cause of Menorrhagia is unknown. However, some conditions must be discarded, among others, which sometimes manifest themselves with very abundant periods, such as:

  • Hormonal imbalance or change (the most common cause)
  • pelvic inflammatory disease
  • Cervical or endometrial polyps
  • uterine fibroids
  • blood changes
  • Kidney, thyroid or liver disease
  • Problems with the intrauterine device (IUD) Etopic pregnancy Organic or functional ovarian cysts
  • chronic medical illnesses
  • Anticoagulant and anti-inflammatory drugsVaginal injury due to trauma or sexual abuse
  • Complications resulting from pregnancy, such as a miscarriage

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