The Main Causes of Nausea and Vomiting that we should not ignore. In addition, the patient experiences a sensation known as nausea, which is nothing more than a need to vomit. Nausea is often accompanied by other symptoms, such as sweating, excessive saliva production, and reflux. It is important to note that nausea is not a certainty of subsequent vomiting. So, check out The 8 Main Causes of Nausea and Vomiting:
What is Nausea and Vomiting: Nausea and vomiting are very common symptoms that can be caused by a wide variety of conditions. Vomiting is an uncontrollable reflex that expels stomach contents through the mouth. Nausea is the term used to describe the feeling that you are going to throw up, but it is not the vomiting itself, nor does it mean that you are going to throw up for sure.
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Causes of Nausea and Vomiting:
- food poisoning (ingesting spoiled food)
- a flu
- the use of certain drugs (especially drugs used in chemotherapy, in the treatment of cancer )
- a gastroenteritis
- alcohol abuse
- seasickness, in an airplane….sickness due to motion (transport in general)
- pregnancy (morning sickness)
- the meningitis
- a very strong migraine
- strong and unpleasant smells
- psychic disorders (bulimia, anorexia)
- excess food
- intense stress
- the gallstones.
- a general anaesthesia.
Complications from vomiting:
Aspiration of Vomit: Vomiting can be very dangerous if gastric contents enter the respiratory tract. Under normal circumstances the gag and cough reflex prevent this from happening, but these reflexes are compromised if the person is under narcotic influence such as alcohol or anesthesia. The person may suffer from asphyxia or have aspiration pneumonia.
Dehydration and Electrolyte Imbalance: Prolonged and excessive vomiting can cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. Loss of acids causes alkalosis (increased blood pH), and electrolyte imbalance leads to hypokalemia (depletion of potassium) and hypochloremia (depletion of chlorine). Hypokalemia is an indirect result of the kidney’s compensation for acid loss.
Treatment of Nausea and Vomiting: As Nausea and vomiting are in most cases natural reactions, it is not always necessary to take medication. The first step is to try to calm down (in the case of seasickness or stress , for example), to stabilize the psychic state.
If nausea is caused by food poisoning or alcohol abuse, under no circumstances should you stop vomiting , as the body must rid itself of harmful substances. However, sometimes the use of medication may be necessary.
There are several medicines against Nausea and vomiting that can be bought in pharmacies without a prescription, such as these: