Kidney Cysts – What It Is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments!

Kidney Cysts – What is it, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments  that many are unaware of. Also, Kidney Cysts are round pouches of fluid that form in the kidneys or kidneys. Kidney cysts can be associated with serious disorders that can impair kidney function.

But more commonly, kidney cysts are a type called simple kidney cysts — non- cancerous cysts that rarely cause complications. It is unclear what causes simple kidney cysts. Usually, only one cyst occurs on the surface of a kidney , but multiple cysts can affect one or both kidneys. However, simple kidney cysts are not the same as the cysts that form with polycystic kidney disease

Simple Kidney Cysts are often detected during an imaging test performed for another condition. Simple kidney cysts that don’t cause signs or symptoms usually don’t require treatment.

Causes  of Kidney Cysts:  It is not clear what causes Kidney Cysts . One theory suggests that kidney cysts develop when the surface layer of the kidney weakens and forms a pouch (diverticulum). The pouch then fills with fluid, detaches and develops into a cyst.

Symptoms of Kidney Cysts:  Simple Kidney Cysts usually do not cause any signs or symptoms. If a simple kidney cyst grows large enough, symptoms can include:

  • Boring pain in the back or side
  • Fever
  • upper abdominal pain

When to See a Doctor:  Make an appointment with your doctor if you have signs or symptoms of a kidney cyst.

Kidney Cyst Risk Factors:  The risk of having simple Kidney Cysts increases as you age, although they can occur at any age. Kidney cysts are more common in men.

Kidney Cyst Complications: Kidney  cysts  can occasionally lead to complications including:

  • An infected cyst. A kidney cyst can become infected, causing fever and pain.
  • An explosive cyst. A kidney cyst that bursts causes severe back or side pain.
  • Urine obstruction. A kidney cyst that obstructs the normal flow of urine can lead to swelling of the kidney (hydronephrosis).

Kidney Cyst Tests and Diagnosis   Tests and procedures used to diagnose simple kidney cysts include:

  • Image tests. Imaging tests, such as an ultrasound, a computed tomography (CT) scan, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), are often used to investigate simple Kidney Cysts . Imaging tests can help your doctor determine whether a kidney mass is a cyst or a tumor.
  • Kidney function tests. Testing a sample of your blood can reveal whether a kidney cyst impairs kidney function.

Kidney Cyst Treatments and Drugs:  Treatment may not be necessary: ​​If your simple kidney cyst does not cause signs or symptoms and does not interfere with kidney function, you will not need treatment. Instead, your doctor may recommend that you have an imaging test, such as an ultrasound, periodically to see if your kidney cyst has enlarged. If the kidney cyst   changes and causes signs and symptoms, you may choose to have treatment at that time. Sometimes a simple kidney cyst will go away on its own.

Treatments For Cysts Causing Signs and Symptoms:  If your simple kidney cyst is causing signs and symptoms, your doctor may recommend treatment. Options include:

  • Puncture and drain the cyst, then fill it with alcohol. Rarely, to shrink the cyst, your doctor inserts a long, thin needle through your skin and through the wall of the kidney cyst. Then the fluid is drained from the cyst. Your doctor may fill the cyst with an alcohol solution to keep it from reforming.
  • Surgery to remove the cyst. A large or symptomatic cyst may require surgery to drain and remove it. To access the cyst, the surgeon makes several small incisions in your skin and inserts special tools and a small video camera. While watching a video monitor in the operating room, the surgeon guides the tools to the kidney  and uses them to drain fluid from the cyst. Then, the walls of the cyst are cut or burned. Depending on the type of procedure your doctor recommends, treatment for your kidney cyst may require a brief hospital stay.

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