Itchy Throat – What is it, Causes and Treatments

Itchy throat has several causes, the most common being allergic diseases and environmental issues, such as dry weather and air-conditioned environments. In addition, itching can also be caused by diseases of other parts of the body that manifest in the throat , such as gastro-esophageal reflux, and certain medications and foods, especially when they cause a dry throat . So, check now Itchy Throat – What is it, Causes and Treatments. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms, you should immediately see a doctor.

Main Causes of Itchy Throat: Allergic diseases that cause itchy throat are rhinitis and asthma.

  • Alcohol: Drinking alcoholic beverages absorbs moisture from the tissues of the throat, leaving it dry and itchy .
  • Dehydration: During the coldest days, don’t forget to drink fluids, especially water, to keep your throat always hydrated and thus avoid itching in the region.
  • Air Conditioning: Air conditioning is also the villain behind the itchy throat , because the device. The device compromises the vocal cords. With this, you will need more effort to speak and will suffer from voice alteration.
  • Rhinitis: symptoms such as a stuffy nose, itchy nose and throat, runny nose and dry cough. They can also scratch their eyes (called allergic conjunctivitis), ears, and skin
  • Asthma: has the same symptoms of allergic rhinitis accompanied by a condition that interferes more with your activities because you feel short of breath, wheezing and easy tiredness.
  • The environment that the person frequents can itself cause itchy throat  and other respiratory symptoms such as coughing, and also worsens allergic conditions in people predisposed to allergies.

In general, two factors are involved: the relative humidity of the air and the level of pollution. At this time of year, it is common to have symptoms in the respiratory tract, such as itching and irritation in the nose and throat , because both factors are present in the ambient air, added to the sudden drops in temperature when we have cold fronts. Places with air conditioning have aggravating factors, one of which is that the air conditioning removes even more moisture from the air, and another is related to the air filter, which needs regular changes.

Gastro-esophageal reflux is the reflux of gastric contents, such as acids produced in the stomach, into the upper part of the esophagus and, in some people, into the throat  (pharynx). When this content reaches the throat , it causes inflammation and swelling in the tissues of the throat, giving a feeling of irritation that can manifest as itching and a feeling of something stuck in the throat .

The itchy sensation can also be caused by substances that lead to a dry throat . A similar situation is for people with dry skin, who know that they scratch the most where the skin is most dry.

Certain medications have side effects of reducing saliva production and are the most implicated. Most are part of the group of antihypertensives and antidepressants. We must reinforce that these effects must be discussed with the doctor to assess the risks of stopping use. Foods can also lead to a dry throat , particularly alcoholic beverages.

Symptoms Accompanying Itchy Throat: In the throat itself , the itching may be accompanied by a feeling of something stuck in the throat and difficulty swallowing food. Symptoms in nearby organs such as the nose and airway may also be associated. Itching and difficulty breathing through the nose and dry cough are the most common.

Treatments for Itchy Throat: Once the diagnosis is made, the causes can be treated individually:

  • For allergic conditions, treatment is usually based on medication in the form of a nasal spray in cases of rhinitis and by inhalation in the case of asthma, in addition to oral anti-allergic drugs for rapid relief of symptoms in crises. Other treatments such as immunotherapy may be prescribed as indicated based on tests that identify the substances that cause the person’s allergy.
  • As for the external environment, unfortunately we cannot change. But we can avoid turning on the air conditioning, thus keeping the environment where we are more ventilated, and making regular changes of the air conditioning filter.
  • In cases of gastroesophageal reflux, reviewing eating habits is as important as taking the medication prescribed by the doctor. Avoiding fatty foods and heavy meals at night, in addition to physical exercises to keep the weight in the proper range, are essential to free the person from the problem.

As for medications that can cause your throat to be itchy and dry , the best thing to do is discuss with your doctor the best course of treatment. Suspending medications in use can have serious consequences! As for wine, we know that it can be healthy, as long as it is in moderate amounts. Just like the most fatty food that satisfies our appetite, we can also enjoy a drink with alcohol, we just need to be conscious and in moderation!

Itchy Throat At Night Could Be A Sign Of What:  Two conditions can cause more nocturnal symptoms.

  • The main one is gastro-esophageal reflux. People predisposed to the disease, in particular those who are overweight or who are using medications that promote reflux, when lying down suffer even greater reflux of gastric contents into the upper digestive tract.
  • The second is allergic disease, particularly rhinitis, in which secretions from the nose tend to run down the back of the nose into the throat . When this happens, the person usually also has bouts of dry cough, which are very uncomfortable, even making it difficult to have a good night’s sleep.

Diagnosis:  In addition to a good medical evaluation with an otolaryngologist, nasal endoscopy (or nasofibrolaryngoscopy) is very useful in these cases. It detects from nasal problems to the level of the larynx, where it can assess for signs suggestive of gastro-oesophageal reflux in the throat . It has the advantage of being quick to perform, with the use of local anesthetic. It does not require sedation, so the individual can return to normal activities shortly after the examination.

For asthma, evaluation by a pulmonologist and stress testing (or spirometry ) may be necessary. For cases of suspicion of more intense gastroesophageal reflux, or with warning factors (such as smoking, alcohol abuse, family history), upper digestive endoscopy may be indicated, which is a more invasive procedure and requires sedation.

Similar Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *