Hyperthyroidism – What it is, Causes and Symptoms

Hyperthyroidism – What it is, Causes and Symptoms that many are still unaware of. Also, Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland is overactive and produces excess thyroid hormones. If left untreated, Hyperthyroidism can lead to other health problems.

It is the opposite of Hyperthyroidism , in which the thyroid does not produce enough hormones to regulate the body. According to data from the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE-2010), 15% of the population suffers from thyroid problems, including Hyperthyroidism .

Hyperthyroidism  produces hormones  that control metabolism. Metabolism is the rate of body processes and includes factors such as heart rate and how quickly you burn calories .

Hyperthyroidism  can affect your metabolism,  Hyperthyroidism can  also cause nervousness, increased sweating (sweat), tachycardia, tremors, difficulty sleeping and weight loss.

Causes of Hyperthyroidism:  The main cause of Hyperthyroidism is Graves’ disease (or diffuse goiter as it is also known), a type of autoimmune disease. In it, the body’s own antibodies stimulate the thyroid to secrete more thyroxine. People who have someone in their family with the disease are more likely to have the condition.

Other causes of Hyperthyroidism include:

  • Inflammation of the thyroid (thyroiditis), which may result from viral infections or have other causes, such as postpartum;
  • Tumor of the ovaries or testicles;
  • Excessive consumption of iodine (very rare cause);
  • Excessive intake (through the use of supplements or medications) of thyroxine;
  • Benign thyroid tumor.

Symptoms Of Hyperthyroidism:  Hyperthyroidism has several signs and symptoms , regardless of the cause. However, those who have  mild hyperthyroidism  usually have no symptoms. In patients over the age of 70, the typical signs and symptoms of hyperthyroidism  may also be absent.

Overall, the symptoms of Hyperthyroidism  become more evident as the level of Hyperthyroidism increases. They are generally linked with an increase in the metabolic rate in the body, they are:

  • Heat;
  • Increased sweating;
  • Muscle weakness;
  • Trembling hands ;
  • Fast heart rate (tachycardia), arrhythmia and palpitations;
  • tiredness / fatigue;
  • Sudden weight loss, even eating the same way;
  • Increased appetite;
  • Trembling in the hands and fingers;
  • Diarrhea or frequent bowel movements;
  • Irritability, anxiety and nervousness;
  • Eye problems such as irritation or discomfort, bulging eyes;
  • menstrual irregularity;
  • infertility ;
  • Goiter (visibly enlarged thyroid gland) or thyroid nodules;
  • Difficulty sleeping;
  • Skin thinning;
  • brittle hair (hair loss);
  • restlessness;
  • Breast development in men;
  • Cold and damp skin;
  • High pressure;
  • General itching;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Rapid and irregular pulse;
  • Skin flushing.

Note: To diagnose Hyperthyroidism , your doctor will perform a physical exam and also order blood tests to measure your hormone levels .

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