Hyperglycemia – What it is, Causes and Treatments

What is Hyperglycemia: Hyperglycemia isthe technical term for high blood glucose (blood sugar). Normal blood glucose levels are up to 99mg/dL preprandial (before eating) and up to 140mg/dL postprandial (after eating). Hyperglycemia usually happens when the individual’s body does not have enough insulin to use it as fuel. As a result, high levels of glucose build up in the blood and the body tries to get rid of excess glucose through the urine.

What Causes Hyperglycemia?: A number of conditions or factors can contribute to hyperglycemia , including:

  • Eating more carbs than usual without enough insulin.
  • The stress hormone can cause the blood sugar level to rise. having more stress than usual, such as family conflicts, relationship problems, or worries.
  • Lack of insulin application or application of insufficient doses.
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • With type 2 diabetes, the body may have enough insulin, but it is not as effective as it should be.

What Are the Symptoms of Hyperglycemia ?: Hyperglycemiararely causes noticeable symptoms. Symptoms can develop over several days or weeks, and the longer the condition is left untreated, the more serious the problem can become. Signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia include:

  • Blood glucose level greater than 180 mg/dL Blurred vision.
  • Difficulty concentrating.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Headaches.
  • High blood glucose.
  • High levels of sugar in the urine.
  • Increased fatigue.
  • Thirst increase.
  • Weight loss.

What are the treatments for hyperglycemia?

Glucose Level Monitoring: An important part of managing your diabetes is monitoring your blood glucose levels. do the following, Write down the date, result, time of day, when was the last time you ate and what activity you were currently doing. Write down the results in a notebook and always take them to your medical appointments. You will soon be able to see how eating, physical activity, taking your medication or being sick or stressed can affect your blood glucose. Share these records with your doctor at each visit.

Physical Exercise: Exercise is one of the best and most effective ways to keep your blood glucose levels where they should be, and reduce them if they are high.

An important note: If your blood glucose is over 240 mg/dl, it’s vital that you check your urine for ketones. If ketones are found, do not exercise. and, also, avoid exercising if your blood glucose is over 300 mg/dL, even without ketones. Exercising when ketones are present in your body can cause your blood glucose level to spike.

Analyze Your Eating Habits: A good diet will help prevent higher blood glucose levels.
In rare cases, emergency treatment for  hyperglycemia  is needed to lower blood sugar. This type of treatment usually includes replacing fluids lost during excessive urination; electrolyte replacement, to replace the minerals lost from your body due to low insulin, and insulin therapy, to reverse the buildup of ketones in the blood. Also, if you have a history of hyperglycemia , talk to your doctor about safe, practical ways to control your blood glucose.

How to Prevent Hyperglycemia: To prevent hyperglycemia one must have good blood sugar control. This test should be done daily, preferably on an empty stomach, but it can be done at any time of the day, anywhere. Having a proper diet and regular light exercise are effective ways of treating diabetes, which help keep blood sugar levels in check, preventing hyperglycemia .

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