How to Identify Symptoms of MRSA Infection

How to Identify Symptoms of MRSA Infection , which is the acronym for Staphylococcus. In addition, Staphylococcus aureus is a bacterium that is naturally present on the skin and can occasionally invade the body and cause a wide variety of infections .

These infections range from mild to moderate ones, such as superficial, skin infections ( pimples , boils, and other skin lesions ) to more serious ones that can lead to death, such as blood infection or pneumonia .

This type of infection is highly contagious and can spread very quickly through direct contact with an infected person. A person can also become infected by coming into contact with an object or surface that an infected person has touched.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, about one in three people carry staph in their nose. In addition, two out of every 100 people are carriers of MRSA.

MRSA infections are acquired in the hospital (HA-MRSA). While HA-MRSA is associated with infections that are contracted in medical facilities such as hospitals or nursing homes, CA-MRSA infection is transmitted through close personal contact with an infected person or by direct contact with an infected wound.

As hospital and community strains of MRSA usually occur in different settings with different causes, the symptoms and risk factors for the two strains differ greatly from each other.

Common symptoms of HA-MRSA include a rash , frequent headaches, muscle aches , chills, fever , general fatigue, cough, shortness of breath, and chest pain . If not treated in a timely manner, it can cause serious complications such as bacterial pneumonia, a urinary tract infection and sepsis.

Symptoms of CA-MRSA include skin infections in areas that have more body hair or that have been cut, scratched, or rubbed. The affected area may be hot to the touch.

In addition, the infection causes swollen, red, painful bumps on the skin, which resemble a spider bite or pimple . These bumps often have a yellow or white center from which pus and other fluids can drain.

Other symptoms of an MRSA infection are:

  • bubbles;
  • Skin rashes and abscesses;
  • Boils with pus;

However, the only way to know if the infection is caused by MRSA or other types of Staphylococcus​ is through laboratory tests.

People most at risk for HA-MRSA include older adults and people with weakened immune systems who are hospitalized, people who undergo an invasive medical procedure, and those who reside in a long-term care facility.

While an HA-MRSA infection typically requires extensive medical care as it is a dangerous and potentially life-threatening infection, CA-MRSA infections can be treated at home with some common household ingredients. If the infection has turned into a deep, painful abscess, surgical drainage may be necessary.

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