Food Intolerance – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments that few know. Additionally, Food Intolerance , also known as unmediated food hypersensitivity or non- allergic food hypersensitivity , refers to difficulty digesting certain foods. It is important to note that Food Intolerance is different from food allergy.
Food allergies trigger the immune system , while Food Intolerance does not. Some people experience digestive problems after eating certain foods, even if their immune system has not reacted, there is no histamine response.
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Causes of Food Intolerance: The function of our immune system is to defend the body from potentially harmful substances such as bacteria, viruses and toxins. In some people, the immune response is triggered by a substance that is normally harmless, such as a specific food. When this happens, an undesirable reaction occurs in the body that we call Food Intolerance .
The cause of Food Intolerance is related to the production of a type of substance by the body, called immunoglobulin antibodies, which causes allergies to a specific food.
Although many people have a food intolerance, food allergies are far less common. In a real Food Intolerance , the immune system produces antibodies and histamine in response to a specific food.
This does not happen with intolerant people, for example, who awaken symptoms as a result of eating a certain food, but are not at risk of death because of it. Any food can cause an allergic reaction, but some are the main culprits. In children, the most common food intolerances are:
Food Intolerance usually starts in childhood but can occur at any age. Many children get rid of allergies as they get older, but some allergies can last a lifetime. In older children and adults, the most common food allergies are:
- peanut _
- Dry fruits.
Many people believe they have Food Intolerance , but in reality less than 1% of them have real allergies. Most symptoms are caused by food intolerance.
Symptoms of Food Intolerance: The symptoms of Food Intolerance appear some time after eating food in which the individual has difficulty digesting properly. The most common symptoms of Food Intolerance are
- Diarrhea or constipation or alternating between them;
- Swollen belly;
- gases ;
- Abdominal pain – intestinal cramps .
But in addition to these symptoms, Food Intolerance can over time generate other symptoms such as:
Food Intolerance is caused by the deficiency or absence of some digestive enzyme . Although food allergy and Food Intolerance have different causes, the symptoms presented are very similar and there are cases where the individual has an allergy to a certain food and intolerance to another food, and this can make the diagnosis of diseases and their form of treatment, but an experienced allergist should be able to identify this situation relatively easily.
Food Allergy Treatment: The only proven effective treatment for Food Intolerance is to avoid the food that triggers the reaction. If the person has symptoms in only one region of the body (for example, a hives on the chin after eating the specific food), they may not need treatment, as in this case the symptoms will likely disappear in a short time.
Antihistamines can help relieve discomfort, and gentle ointments can offer some relief from symptoms. Consult your physician if you think you have had an allergic reaction to any food, even if it was only a local reaction. Anyone diagnosed with a food allergy should always carry (and know how to use) injectable epinephrine with them.
If you experience any kind of severe or widespread reaction soon after eating the food that causes the allergy , inject epinephrine. Then go to the nearest hospital or emergency room.
Prevention: Breastfeeding can help prevent allergies . Other than that, there is no known way to prevent Food Intolerances , other than waiting longer to introduce foods that cause allergies into your baby’s diet , until their gastrointestinal tract is more developed.
The right time for this varies depending on the food and the individual. After an allergy first manifests, being aware of and avoiding the harmful food usually prevents further problems from occurring.