Fluconazole – what is it for? and how to use!

Fluconazole is an antimycotic , that is, a drug used for the treatment of diseases and infections that occur because of fungi that come in contact with the body and cause a series of effects, such as pain, burning, deformity.

Fluconazole is an anti-fungal medication that can be used in tablet, ointment or injection form. The mode of action of this medicine consists of destroying the structure of the fungus responsible for the infection, making it easier to eliminate it from the body. To use in tablet form, just take 1 tablet a day for the period indicated by the doctor.

In the form of an ointment, simply apply the amount indicated on the product packaging to apply daily to the vagina and external region, as well as to the partner’s penis. In addition, fluconazole is marketed under the name of Zoltec, produced by the pharmaceutical company Pfizer. There is also a generic fluconazole drug produced by Medley Pharmaceuticals. This medicine does not cut the effect of the birth control pill.

What is fluconazole used for:

Among the fungal infections that can be treated with Fluconazole , we can mention:

  • Vaginal candidiasis ;
  • oral candidiasis;
  • Blastomicose;
  • Esophageal candidiasis;
  • Systemic candidiasis;
  • Tinea cruris (groin ringworm);
  • Onychomycosis (nail fungus);
  • Penile candidiasis;
  • Tinea pedis (chilblain);
  • Coccidioidomicose;
  • Cryptococcosis;
  • Pityriasis versicolor (white cloth).

In general, fluconazole is the antimycotic of choice in the treatment of Candida albicans or Cryptococcus infections . In relation to other Candida species, such as C. glabrata and C. krusei, its action is less effective and should not be the first choice for the treatment of these fungi . The most commonly used dose is 150 mg once a day. In cases of fungal skin infection, whether dermatophytosis or candida infections , treatment is usually 1 tablet per week for 2 to 6 weeks.

Fluconazole for candidiasis:

Different forms of candidiasis can be treated with fluconazole . The form, be it pills or intravenously, depends on the severity of the candidiasis . For vaginal or penile candidiasis , the recommended dose is 150 mg as a single dose. In recurrent cases, a repeat dose of 150 mg after 3 days is indicated. For oral candidiasis treatment should be done with 150 mg per day for 7 to 14 days.

Fluconazole side effects:

Fluconazole side effects  can be stomach pain, skin rash, nausea , vomiting, diarrhea , change in liver function, difficulty breathing, swelling of eyelids, face or lips, body itching, jaundice .

Fluconazole contraindications:

Fluconazole is contraindicated in patients with hypersensitivity to any component of the formula. Pregnant and breastfeeding women should only take it under medical advice. This medicine should not be taken by people who are taking other medicines such as astemizole, cisapride, pimozide, quinidine or erythromycin.

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