Eating Disorder – What is it, Symptoms and Treatments!

Eating Disorder – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments of this disorder. Additionally, Eating Disorder is a psychological and physical illness characterized by a preoccupation with food and weight . This condition is often so serious that the person with the eating disorder  can focus on very few things besides the foods they eat, how much they weigh, and how they appear to others. For example, a person with an Eating Disorder  may eat extremely small amounts of food or none at all.

They can also spend hours looking at themselves in the mirror. A person with another type of eating disorder may overeat or eat in secret. Many people with an eating disorder also face other illnesses. These are called co-morbidities, or illnesses that coexist with the eating disorder . For people with an Eating Disorder , these other illnesses often include depression, anxiety disorders, and substance abuse.

How Does an Eating Disorder Start?

The path from a normal, healthy diet to an Eating Disorder is sometimes very confusing. While the exact cause is unknown, certain factors can play a role in the development of an eating disorder .

This could include emotional issues like low self-esteem or impulsive behavior. Traumatic events, abuse, or pressure to conform to society’s definition of beauty can also trigger a shift to unhealthy behaviors.

The eating disorder can start slowly, with crash diets or overeating from time to time. At some point, these eating less or eating more habits start to sneeze out of control. The desire and drive to eat less or more is destroyed. This leads to an unhealthy relationship with food and the body.

Main Causes: Eating Disorder is caused by a number of factors, including biological, social and psychological factors. Some of them are:

Diet: Some people may suffer from an Eating Disorder when they are on a restrictive diet, as the diet is claimed to make people depressed and deprived of food . The solution would be to leave the diet and go back to eating normally, but research indicates that the eating disorder can remain even after normal eating is resumed. However, not all people who diet suffer from binge eating, so the existence of another factor can influence the development of an eating disorder .

Emotional Eating: People with low self-esteem, who have weight problems , or children whose parents used food to comfort or reward may use food as a form of comfort, and end up developing an Eating Disorder .

Stress: People with an Eating Disorder are often very stressed. Stress can both cause and be caused by binge eating, which generates a cycle, in which the person eats to be less stressed, ends up being more stressed for having eaten too much and goes back to eating to reduce stress. Controlling stress is an important part of controlling binge eating.

Depression: Depression and Eating Disorder  are highly linked. Many people with an eating disorder have or have had depression at some point in their lives. The risk of a person who suffers from an eating disorder  developing it is also higher than that of a person who does not suffer from the disorder.

Other causes of eating disorder include poor eating habits, body image disorder, food addiction and hormonal dysfunctions that prevent the brain from receiving hunger and satiety signals.

Main Symptoms: The signs and symptoms of Eating Disorder can be divided into behavioral and emotional symptoms.

Behavioral Symptoms of Eating Disorder:

  • Inability to stop eating or control what you are eating;
  • Eating large amounts of food quickly;
  • Eat even when you’re full;
  • Hide or store food to eat hidden;
  • Eating normally around other people and compulsively when alone;
  • Do several different diets ;
  • Eat continuously throughout the day, with no planned meal times.

Emotional Symptoms of Eating Disorder:

  • Stress or tension that only passes when eating;
  • Embarrassment with how much you’re eating;
  • Feeling numb when binge eating – you feel like you’re not there or like you’re
    on autopilot.
  • Never feeling full, no matter how much you eat;
  • Feeling depressed, guilty or upset after binge eating
  • Fear of not being able to stop eating;
  • Desperation to control weight  and eating habits.

Treatments: The treatment of Eating Disorder seeks to restore proper eating behavior, and restore the weight considered normal for the individual’s age and height. The objective of the treatment is to take the individual out of the clinical imbalance that the severity of the symptoms can generate.

Because they are extremely complex, eating disorders require treatment by a multiprofessional team, with a psychologist, nutritionist, endocrinologist and psychiatrist. In relation to the restoration of mental health, the psychiatrist and the psychologist are the professionals best prepared to carry out the evaluation and devise strategies for the treatment of eating disorders .

Psychiatry can medicate the patient according to the original pathology and mental comorbidities, in order to restore the balance of mood. The psychologist’s work, on the other hand, has the objective of dealing with the individual’s relationships, whether with his family, with society and, mainly, with himself.

The psychotherapeutic process helps in the recovery of self-esteem, offering a path to discover the causes of symptoms, enabling the launch of strategies and skills to better deal with emotional imbalances.

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