Dyslexia – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments of this condition that many are unaware of. In addition, Dyslexia is the most common learning disability in children and persists throughout life. The severity of Dyslexia can range from mild to severe. The sooner dyslexia is treated, the more favorable the outcome. However, it is never too late for people with Dyslexia to learn to improve their language skills.
Dyslexia may not be detected in the first grades of schooling. Children can be frustrated with the difficulty in learning to read. It is important to note that other problems can disguise Dyslexia , as a child can:
- Show signs of depression and low self-esteem
- Has behavior problems at home as well as at school, which often manifest
- Become unmotivated and develop an aversion to school, and your success can be compromised if the problem is still not addressed.
What Causes: Children with Dyslexia have difficulty learning to read despite traditional instruction, at least average intelligence, and adequate motivation and opportunity to learn. It is thought to be caused by a deficiency in the brain’s ability to process phonemes (the smallest units of speech that make words different from one another). It does not result from vision or hearing problems. It’s not due to mental retardation, brain damage, or lack of intelligence.
Causes vary by type. In primary dyslexia , much research focuses on hereditary factors. Researchers have recently identified specific genes identified as possibly contributing to the signs and symptoms of dyslexia. This research is very important because it may allow for the identification of those children at risk of developing dyslexia and allow for earlier educational interventions and better outcomes.
What are the Different Types of Dyslexia: Primary Dyslexia: This is the most common type of Dyslexia , and it is a dysfunction of the left side of the brain (cerebral cortex), and it doesn’t change, and it doesn’t change with age. There is variability in the severity of disability for individuals with this type of dyslexia, and most who receive an appropriate educational intervention will have academic success throughout their lives.
Unfortunately, there are others who continue to struggle significantly with reading, writing and spelling into adulthood. Primary dyslexia is passed down in family lines through genes (inherited) or through new genetic mutations and is found more often in boys than girls. Secondary or developmental dyslexia : This type of dyslexia is caused by problems with brain development during the early stages of fetal development. Developmental dyslexia diminishes as the child matures. It is also more common in boys.
Trauma Dyslexia: This type of Dyslexia usually occurs after some form of brain trauma or injury to the area of the brain that controls reading and writing. It is rarely seen in the current school-age population.
What are the Signs and Symptoms: Classroom teachers may not be able to determine if a child has Dyslexia . They may detect early signs that suggest further evaluation by a psychologist or other healthcare professional to actually diagnose the disorder. Signs and Symptoms of Dyslexia.
- Delayed early language development
- Problems recognizing differences between similar sounds or segmenting words.
- Slow learning of new vocabulary words
- Difficulty copying from the board or a book.
- Difficulty learning reading, writing and spelling skills
- A child may not be able to remember the content, even if it involves a favorite video or storybook.
- Problems with spatial relationships can extend beyond the classroom and be seen on the playground. The child may appear uncoordinated and have difficulty
- with sports or organized games.
- Difficulty with left and right is common, and dominance of both hands is often not established.
Treatment: There is currently no “cure”. Treatmentis intended to provide compensatory strategies for dealing with the disorder in everyday life . The earlier a child is diagnosed and supported, the more likely he or she will achieve long-term improvements. Treatmentmay include the following :
- Psychological testing: This helps the teacher to develop a better child -oriented teaching program. The techniques often involve accessing the child’s senses, including touch, sight and hearing.
- Guidance and Support: It is vital to a child ‘s self-esteem and personal ambition, that they are reminded that while reading and writing can be an issue, millions of people with Dyslexia around the world have prospered and become successful and productive citizens.
Ongoing Assessment: Adults with Dyslexia may benefit from assessment to enhance or refine their coping strategies and identify areas where more support is needed.