Dopamine – Indications, Mode of Use and Side Effects

Dopamine – Indications, package insert and side effects. In addition, Dopamine is the main compound of the drug commercially sold under the name of Revivam, approved by the FDA, with indication to treat hemodynamic imbalances. Dopamine is a drug used to improve blood pressure , improve the force of contraction of the heart  and the heartbeat in situations of severe shock in which the drop in blood pressure is not resolved when only intravenous saline is administered. In case of circulatory shock dopamine hydrochloride works by stimulating the arteries to contract, thus increasing blood pressure .. The time of onset of action of the drug is 5 minutes. So, check out  Dopamine – Indications, Mode of Use and Side Effects.

Dopamine Indications: Dopamine indications  arefor some types of shock accompanied by oliguria and low or normal peripheral vascular resistance. Cardiogenic and bacteraemic shock,  Severe hypotension  followed by removal of the pheochromocytoma. Dopamine hydrochlorideis indicated for the correction of hemodynamic imbalance resulting from shock of multiple etiologies, trauma and/or hemorrhage , endotoxic septicemia, drug intoxication, postoperative, particularly cardiac, and low output syndrome. It is also indicated for the preoperative preparation of high-risk patients, treatment of renal failure and hydrosaline retention of multiple etiologies.

Dopamine Contraindications: Dopamine  cannot  beused during pregnancy , in patients with pheochromocytoma, tachyarrhythmias or ventricular fibrillation, in patients undergoing treatment with a hand inhibitor or tricyclic antidepressants. The safety and effectiveness of using dopamine in children has not yet been established. It should not be given together with sodium bicarbonate or other intravenous alkaline solutions.

Dopamine Side Effects:  The adverse effects of dopamine are:

Dopamine Usage Mode: According to medical recommendations for dopamine use ; Adults and children: from 1 to 5 µg/kg/min in continuous infusion, reaching 50 µg/kg/min. Babies: from 1 to 20µg/kg/min in continuous infusion. The dose can be changed as needed.

Dopamine  should  not be given to patients allergic  to sulfites as it contains bisulfite in its vehicle. Patients with a history of peripheral vascular disease secondary to atherosclerosis, diabetes, or Raynaud’s disease are at increased risk of ischemia of the extremities. The vasoconstrictor properties of dopamine prevent its administration by the subcutaneous or intramuscular route. The product is inactivated when administered orally.

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