Dislocation – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Dislocation – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments that many ignore. Also, a dislocation is an injury to a joint – a place where two or more bones come together where the ends of your bones are forced from their normal positions. This painful injury temporarily deforms and immobilizes your joint .

The dislocation is most common in the shoulders and fingers. Other sites include elbows, knees and hips. If you suspect a dislocation , seek prompt medical attention to return your bones to their proper positions.

When properly treated, most dislocations return to normal function after several weeks of rest and rehabilitation. However, some joints, such as the shoulder, may be at an increased risk of repeated dislocation .

Causes of Dislocation:  Dislocations can occur in contact sports such as football and hockey, and in sports where falls are common, such as downhill skiing, gymnastics and volleyball. Basketball players and football players also commonly dislocate the joints in their fingers and hands, accidentally striking the ball, ground, or another player.

A hard blow to a joint during a motor vehicle accident and landing on an outstretched arm during a fall are other common causes.

Symptoms of Dislocation:  A dislocated joint can be:

  • Visibly deformed or out of place
  • swollen or discolored
  • intensely painful
  • Immobile

When to see a doctor:  It can be difficult to tell a broken bone from a dislocated bone. For any type of injury , seek medical attention immediately. If possible, rub the joint and keep it still while you wait for it to be visible.
Risk Factors: Risk factors for a joint dislocation include:

Susceptibility to Falls:  Faling increases your chances of a dislocated joint if you use your arms for impact or if you land hard on a body part such as your hip or shoulder.

Heredity: Some people are born with ligaments that are lighter and more prone to injury than other people’s.

Sports Participation: Many dislocations occur during high-impact or contact sports such as gymnastics, wrestling, basketball, and football.

Motor Vehicle Accidents: These are the most common causes of hip dislocations, especially for people who are not wearing a seat belt.

Dislocation Treatments: Dislocation  treatment dependson the location and severity of your injury . May involve:

Reduction: Your doctor may try gentle maneuvers to help your bones get back into position. Depending on the amount of pain and swelling, you may need a local anesthetic or even a general anesthetic before manipulating your bones .

Immobilization : Once your bones are back in position, your doctor may immobilize your joint with a splint or sling for several weeks. How long you wear the splint or slate depends on the joint involved and the extent of damage to the nerves, blood vessels, and supporting tissues.

Surgery : You may need surgery if your doctor cannot move your dislocated bones to their correct positions or if blood vessels, nerves, or ligaments nearby have been damaged. Surgery may also be necessary if you’ve had recurrent dislocations, especially of your shoulder.

Rehabilitation . After your splint or slate is removed, you will begin a gradual rehabilitation program designed to restore the range and strength of your joint .

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