Diabetic Nephropathy – What is it, Symptoms and Treatments

Diabetic Nephropathy – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments that few know. In addition, Diabetic Nephropathy  is one of the chronic complications of diabetes, which affects the kidneys, usually begins with loss of protein in the urine, progressing to the so-called diabetic glomerulopathy characterized by necrotic syndrome, arterial hypertension reaching chronic renal failure. About 40% of type 1 diabetics and 10% of type 2 diabetics develop Diabetic Nephropathy .

There is a close relationship between chronically high blood glucose and kidney glomeruli damage. It is known that the better the glycemic control, the lower the incidence of diabetic nephropathy. Diabetic nephropathy  can progress not only to renal failure, but is also related to high mortality from cardiovascular problems, especially in patients with DMII.

Although the factor that leads only part of diabetic patients to develop Diabetic Nephropathy is not yet known , it is believed that there may be a genetic predisposition for this.

Symptoms of Diabetic Nephropathy : Unfortunately, the symptoms of Diabetic Nephropathy only occur in very advanced stages of the disease, when there is edema (swelling) in the legs and which later can become generalized, foamy urine, tiredness, weakness, nausea and others.

Early diagnosis of Diabetic Nephropathy  is only possible through laboratory tests.

Treatment of Diabetic Nephropathy : The treatment of Diabetic Nephropathy basically consists of strict control of blood glucose, associated with the treatment of arterial hypertension with medications that, in addition to controlling blood pressure, also specifically block microalbuminuria from its early stages.

In addition, other measures such as cholesterol and triglyceride levels control, weight control, smoking cessation are important in the treatment of this clinical condition.

Preventing Diabetic Nephropathy : The prevention of Diabetic Nephropathy is basically done by controlling diabetes . In cases of installed kidney disease, in addition to taking proper care with diabetes, it is necessary to use drugs that prevent the progression of nephropathy, as well as control blood pressure and weight.

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