Dermatomyositis – What is it, symptoms and treatments!

Dermatomyositis – What is it, symptoms and treatments of this inflammation . In addition, Dermatomyositis is a rare inflammatory disease. Common symptoms of Dermatomyositis include a distinct rash, muscle weakness, and inflammatory myopathy, or inflamed muscles.

It is one of only three known inflammatory myopathies. Dermatomyositis can affect adults and children. There is no cure for this condition, but the symptoms can be managed.

The etiology of Dermatomyositis is not known. The development of this condition is related to an immunological problem and linked to a genetic predisposition, which leads to a process known as chronic vasculitis.

Prior to the onset of clinical manifestations, viral or bacterial infections may appear. However, the role of these agents in triggering Dermatomyositis has not yet been elucidated .

Causes of Dermatomyositis: The exact cause of Dermatomyositis is not known. However, it has many similarities with an autoimmune disease. An autoimmune disease occurs when your body’s disease-fighting cells, called antibodies, attack your healthy cells.

Having a compromised immune system can also contribute. For example, having a viral infection or cancer can compromise your immune system and lead to the development of Dermatomyositis .

Symptoms of Dermatomyositis: In most cases, the first symptom of Dermatomyositis is a distinctive rash on the face, chest, nails, or elbows. The rash is patchy and usually a blue-purple color.

You may also have muscle weakness  that gets worse over weeks or months. This muscle weakness  usually starts in your neck, arms, or hips and can be felt on either side of your body.

Other Symptoms You May Experience Are:

  • muscle pain
  • muscle sensitivity
  • swallowing problems
  • lung problems
  • Hard calcium deposits under the skin, which is mostly seen in children
  • fatigue
  • involuntary weight loss
  • fever

There is a subtype of dermatomyositis that includes the rash but not muscle weakness . This is known as Dermatomyositis.

Dermatomyositis Treatments: There is no cure for Dermatomyositis for most people. Treatment can improve the condition of your skin and muscle weakness . Available treatments include medication, physical therapy and surgery.

Corticosteroid medications such as prednisone are the preferred method of treatment in most cases. You can take them by mouth or apply them to your skin. Corticosteroids slow down your immune system response , which reduces the amount of inflammation -causing antibodies .

For some people, especially children, symptoms may resolve completely after a course of corticosteroid treatment. This is called remission. Remission can be lasting and sometimes even permanent.

Corticosteroids, especially high, should not be used for long periods of time because of their potential side effects. Your doctor will likely start with a high dose and then gradually lower it. Some people may stop taking corticosteroids completely after a period of time if their symptoms go away and stay away after stopping the medication.

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