Depersonalization – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments!

Depersonalization – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments  best suited to deal with this condition. In addition, Depersonalization is a disorder that causes an individual to have their perception of themselves altered.

Depersonalization  consists of recurring or persistent feelings of being disconnected from one ‘s  own body or mental processes, usually with a sense of being an outside observer of one’s life. This disorder is almost always triggered by severe stress  . The diagnosis of Depersonalization  is based on symptoms after other possible causes have been ruled out.

Depersonalization is characterized by feelings of unreality, apathy, amnesia , the impression that you are separate from the body, loss of control, panic attack, depression , anxiety , sleep, stress , tiredness and others.

Among such manifestations that occur in Depersonalization , anxiety , depression  and panic attacks can be highlighted , as these remain in greater evidence in this disorder. So, check out more about  Depersonalization – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments:

Symptoms of Depersonalization:  Many people who suffer from Depersonalization discuss their lives as if they were living in a dream. There can be a sense of detachment from everyday life, almost like a robot. Many report concern that they really are “going crazy”. Other symptoms include:

  • Feeling that your memories are emotionless and perhaps questioning if they are even real;
  • Feeling isolated or outside of oneself, as if one were an outside observer;
  • A feeling of emotional or physical numbness with the world around you
  • To meet criteria for the diagnosis of Depersonalization Disorder , the symptoms cannot be explained by substance use;
  • A distorted sense of your physical being, as if your arms, legs, or body are atrophied, enlarged, or distorted in some way.

Causes of Depersonalization:  The person can acquire it through other problems such as depression , bipolar and personality disorder, in addition to schizophrenia . Or you can acquire it naturally, with situations of anxiety  or through experienced trauma, both physical and psychological.

The mind can simply dissociate itself from reality, as a defense mechanism in the event of a very intense internal conflict. Factors that can trigger Depersonalization:

  • Insomnias ;
  • Nicotine;
  • Caffeine (by increasing anxiety , it worsens dissociative symptoms)
  • Crowds and places with a lot of stimuli (it seems that in a person with Depersonalization , their symptoms get worse when they have to process a lot of stimuli, which does not mean that they should avoid social contacts, on the contrary.);
  • Isolation;
  • Stress situations ;
  • Oversleeping (sleep cycles seem to be closely related to Depersonalization syndrome . It may seem paradoxical, but there is a lesser sense of Depersonalization during sleep, perhaps due to a numbness of the prefrontal cortex);
  • Remember your depersonalized condition;
  • Too much introspection;
  • Drug consumption.

Treatment for Depersonalization:  Various psychotherapies (eg, psychodynamic psychotherapy, cognitive behavioral therapy) are successful in some patients:

  • Cognitive techniques can help block obsessive thoughts about the unreal state of being;
  • Moment-to-moment tracking and labeling of affect and dissociation in therapy sessions works well for some patients;
  • Grounding techniques use the five senses (eg, playing loud music or holding a piece of ice in your hand) to help patients feel more connected to themselves and the world and more real in those moments;
  • Psychodynamic therapy focuses on the underlying conflicts that make certain affects intolerable to the self and that are thus dissociated;
  • Behavioral techniques can help patients engage in tasks that distract them from Depersonalization.

Several drugs have been used for Depersonalization , but none have clearly demonstrated efficacy. However, some patients are apparently helped by serotonin reuptake inhibitors, lamotrigine, opioid antagonists, anxiolytics, and stimulants.

However, these medications may be largely targeting other mental disorders (eg,  anxiety , depression ) that are often associated with or precipitated by Depersonalization .

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