Dental Caries – What is it, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Dental Caries – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments  and much more is what you will learn from now on, so stay with us and discover everything about  Dental Caries , a disease that affects more Brazilians every day.

Dental caries and cavities are among the  most common oral health problems in the world. These problems are most often seen in children, teenagers and older adults. However, anyone can get cavities and dental caries . Tooth Decay ,  also known as Caries .

Deterioration is usually due to a bacterial infection that causes demineralization and destruction of the hard tissues in the teeth. Certain factors can increase your risk of getting  dental caries , including foods  that cling to your teeth for a long time, frequent snacks or drinks, poor oral hygiene, not getting enough fluoride, dry mouth, braces without proper hygiene. . Eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia can also contribute to serious dental problems due to repeated purging.

What is Tooth Decay  : Tooth  decay is another way of calling tooth decay. Tooth decay is strongly influenced by an individual’s lifestyle – what he eats, how he takes care of his teeth, the presence of fluoride in the drinking water  and the fluoride in the toothpaste he uses. Heredity also plays an important role in predisposing your teeth to decay. Although tooth decay is more common in children, adults are also prone to it. The types of dental caries  are:

  • Coronary Caries: This is the most common type. It occurs in both children and adults. Coronary caries are located on the chewing surfaces or between the teeth.
  • Root Caries: As we age, the gums recede, leaving parts of the tooth root  exposed. As there is no enamel covering the roots of the tooth, these exposed areas deteriorate easily.
  • Recurrent Caries: Deterioration can occur around existing restorations and crowns. This is because these areas tend to accumulate plaque, which eventually leads to deterioration.

Causes of Tooth Decay: Bacteria are naturally present in the mouth. They turn all foods , especially sugar and starch, into acids. Bacteria, acids, food waste and saliva collect in the mouth and form a sticky substance called plaque, which adheres to the tooth.

It is most prominent on the back molars, just above the gum line on all teeth, and on the edges of fillings. Plaque that is not removed from the teeth mineralizes to form tartar. Plaque and tartar irritate the gums, resulting in gingivitis and eventually  tooth decay  and even periodontitis.

Symptoms of Dental Caries:  For a long time,  Dental Caries  evolved asymptomatically. Dental caries usually only cause toothache when they grow a lot and affect the nerves (especially after eating sweet, hot or cold foods or drinks); bad breath and/or tooth fractures. If left untreated, dental caries  can lead to a bone abscess or even tooth loss. The most striking signs of  Tooth Decay  are dark spots or visible holes in the teeth, usually also dark in color.

Treatments for Dental Caries: An evaluation of the traditional model of dental care shows that restorative treatment presents many problems and that, over time, it tends to generate even more restorative needs, such as the treatment of Dental Caries . However, dentistry is changing rapidly.

Scientific understanding and patient attitudes are leading dentists to adopt an increasingly less invasive approach to dental caries management and restorative procedures. Preferably, we should deal with dental caries as a disease. This requires a greater commitment to bacteriological control and increasing tooth strength . For an effective prevention against  dental caries.

A considerable interaction between health promotion measures  and restorative treatment is necessary, as dentistry advances, ceasing to be a service based essentially on restoration and starting to have the health  of patients as its primary objective and not restorative treatment so that diseases such as dental caries  is not as common as it is today. We must take care of our teeth with proper brushing after each meal. In addition to brushing, it is important to floss daily.

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