Delirium Tremens – Symptoms, Causes and Treatments!

Delirium Tremens – Symptoms, Causes and Treatments that we should not ignore. In addition, Delirium tremens (DT) is a brief confusional state, accompanied by somatic disturbances, which usually affects severely dependent alcohol users in absolute or relative abstinence. This condition usually occurs 3 days after the onset of withdrawal symptoms and can last for several days.

Delirium Tremens

Classic symptoms of this psychosis include decreased clarity of perception of the environment, confusion, vivid hallucinations and illusions, and marked tremors. Physical effects can include restlessness, tremors, cardiac arrhythmia , and sweating . More severe cases, with episodes of hyperthermia or convulsions, can result in death.

Usually, delirium tremens is only seen in people who drink large amounts of alcohol for more than a month. A similar syndrome may occur with individuals on benzodiazepine and barbiturate withdrawal.

The withdrawal of stimulants, such as cocaine, has no major medical complications. In a person with a condition suggestive of delirium tremens, it is important to make the differential diagnosis to rule out other associated problems, such as electrolyte disturbances, pancreatitis, and alcoholic hepatitis.

Delirium, also known as a state of confusion, is a mental disorder that results from a brain disorder of organic cause. It is characterized by confusion of thought, temporal-spatial disorientation, agitation, and other symptoms.

In uncomplicated withdrawal syndrome, the alcoholic who abruptly stops or reduces drinking may experience the following symptoms, which are related to adrenergic activity. That is, activity characterized by increased levels of adrenaline in the body, causing tachycardia, sweating , increased blood pressure, anxiety, etc.

When a person has become perfectly accustomed to high levels of alcohol , a sudden drop in alcohol intake levels can cause severe disruption of brain functions.

Diagnosis Of Delirium tremens:  Alcohol withdrawal is easy to diagnose if the person has typical symptoms that appear after he stops drinking in a “heavy”, habitual way.

If the patient has a past experience of having had a withdrawal syndrome, it is likely that he will return if he suddenly stops drinking again. There is no specific test that can be used to diagnose alcohol withdrawal syndrome .

If the patient has had other episodes of alcohol withdrawal syndrome , it means that he has consumed enough alcohol to have damaged other organs. It is necessary to discuss this problem with the doctor so that he can carefully examine the person.

He will order blood tests to see how much alcohol has damaged the liver , heart, nerves in the feet, blood cells, and the gastrointestinal tract. He will evaluate the diet that the patient usually consumes and will check for vitamin deficiencies that may exist, as malnutrition is common when someone is dependent on alcohol.

Treatment for Delirium Tremens:  If a person has severe vomiting, epileptic seizures, or Delirium Tremens, the safest place for them to be treated is in a hospital. For Delirium Tremens, treatment in an Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is often indicated.

In an ICU, heart rate, blood pressure, and respiratory rate will be closely monitored in case emergency life support (such as artificially breathing through a machine) is needed.

Most people who consume a lot of alcohol and who are experiencing withdrawal symptoms have a shortage of several vitamins and minerals and can benefit from nutritional supplements.

In particular, alcohol abuse can create a shortage of folate, thiamine , vitamin B12, magnesium , zinc and phosphate. Alcohol can also cause low blood sugar levels.

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