Cystitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Cystitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments that few know. In addition, cystitis or urinary infection is an inflammation that occurs in the bladder. More commonly in fertile women, cystitis can occur repeatedly. Although cystitis  is more common in women, it can also occur in men.

When cystitis  occurs in men, even though it is less common, cystitis usually starts with an infection in the urethra that extends to the prostate and posteriorly to the bladder. In this case, the urinary infection can also be caused by a catheter or an instrument used during a surgical procedure.

Causes of Cystitis:  Cystitis is usually caused by bacteria that go up in the urinary tract, so some situations may be favorable to its development, such as:

  • Poor hygiene of the intimate parts (there may be contamination by feces bacteria).
  • Sexual relations.
  • Urinary tract malformations .
  • Urinary stones (urinary lithiasis).
  • Diabetes (type I or II).
  • Urinary tubes like a catheter. Due to the catheters frequently used in a hospital environment, the number of people affected by cystitis in hospitals is high.
  • Pregnancy (the fetus may compress the bladder, which prevents the bladder from emptying completely).
  • Constipation (constipation).
  • Menopause (between the ages of 50 and 60, the risk of developing recurrent cystitis is relatively high), the drop in hormones during this period reduces the level of bladder protection . In addition, there is a change in vaginal pH during menopause, which favors the entry of Escherichia coli (bacteria). A basic or acidic pH prevents unwanted bacteria from entering the vagina.
  • Genital herpes .

Symptoms of Cystitis: Symptoms of Cystitis usually include:

  • A strong and persistent urge to urinate;
  • Burning sensation (stinging) when urinating;
  • Urinating in small amounts and frequently;
  • Blood in the urine (hematuria)
  • Cloudy or strong-smelling urine;
  • Discomfort in the pelvic region;
  • Feeling of pressure in the lower abdomen;
  • Low fever, lower than 38 ºC (more than that can mean pyelonephritis, a serious condition in which bacteria have reached the kidneys);

In young children, peeing your pants can be a sign of a urinary tract infection (UTI). Nocturnal enuresis alone is not likely to be associated with a UTI.

However, many women can have cystitis with no or even few symptoms.

Treatments for Cystitis:  In most cases, Cystitis can be cured within a few days. The first method to be used is antibiotics, it all depends on how much bacteria are present in the urine. Cystitis  symptomsimprove in a few days, from two to three days, but there are chances of taking medicine for a while longer.

Prevent Cystitis:  In many cases Cystitis is not preventable. However, the following measures can help prevent cystitis :

  • Practice good hygiene after intercourse, especially women.
  • Try using mild soaps, not scented ones, around your genitals.
  • When you urinate try to make sure you have emptied your bladder completely.
  • If you feel like you need to urinate , go right away, don’t delay.
  • Avoid tight underwear and pants.
  • Wear cotton panties.
  • Wipe from front to back.
  • When having sex, make sure the sexual organ is lubricated, if necessary, use lubricant.
  • Empty your bladder as soon as possible after intercourse.
  • If you use a catheter, ask your doctor or nurse how to avoid bruising when you have to change it.

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