Cryptosporidiosis – What is it, Causes, Symptoms and Treatments!

Cryptosporidiasis ( often called Crypto for short) Cryptosporidiasis is a highly contagious intestinal infection. This results from exposure to Cryptosporidium parasites, which live in the intestines of humans and other animals and are spread in feces.

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Cryptosporidiasis affects about 750,000 people a year. Most people recover within a few weeks with no problems.

However, the watery diarrhea , nausea , and abdominal cramping that accompany the infection may persist for some people. For young children or people with a weakened immune system , the infection can be particularly dangerous.

Causes of Cryptosporidiasis:  A person can develop Cryptosporidiasis after coming into contact with contaminated feces. This exposure often happens by swallowing recreational swimming water.

Anywhere people gather in water — swimming pools, water parks, hot tubs, lakes, and even the ocean — can contain Cryptosporidiasis . Other serious infections can also be contracted in these environments.

Encryption germs can also be transmitted through hand-to-mouth contact. They can be found on any surface that has been contaminated with infected feces. Because of this, the infection can also be transmitted by:

  • play with contaminated toys
  • touching bathroom surfaces without properly washing hands
  • animal handling
  • have sex
  • drink untreated water
  • touching dirty diapers
  • handling products grown in contaminated soil.

Symptoms of Cryptosporidiasis:  Symptoms of  Cryptosporidiasis  include:

Symptoms usually begin within a week of exposure and can last for two weeks. However, in a study published in BMC Public Health, some people had symptoms that persisted for 24 to 36 months.

With long-term symptoms, a person is at a higher risk of weight loss , dehydration, and malnutrition. This can be particularly life-threatening in young babies and people with weakened immune systems , such as those who have HIV or who are undergoing chemotherapy. There are several parasitic infections that can have similar or different symptoms.

Cryptosporidiasis Treatments :  A person with Cryptosporidiasis  needs to increase their fluid intake to counter the dehydrating effects ofsevere diarrhea . If dehydration persists or becomes worse, a person may be hospitalized and given intravenous fluids.

Your doctor may prescribe the antidiarrheal drug nitazoxanide, but it is only effective in people with healthy immune systems . People with weaker immune systems, such as those with HIV, may be given a drug to stimulate the immune system as a way to fight infection.

How to Prevent Cryptosporidiasis:  The best way to avoid becoming infected with Crypto and contributing to its spread is to practice good hygiene. Teach children good hygiene habits while they are young.

To Prevent Cryptosporidiasis It is recommended that you rub your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds in the following cases:

  • after using the bathroom, changing diapers, or helping others use the bathroom
  • before eating or cooking
  • after handling an animal
  • after gardening, even if you wore gloves
  • when caring for someone with diarrhea

Cryptosporidiasis  is a common intestinal infection , especially in the summer when many people enjoy swimming pools, water parks and other swimming facilities.

Most people with a healthy immune system can recover from Cryptosporidiasis with no problems, but for others, the infection and its symptoms wax and wane. For still others, it can be deadly.

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