Croup – Symptoms, Causes and Treatments!

Croup – Symptoms, Causes and Treatments  that we should not ignore. In addition,  croup refers to an infection of the upper airway, which obstructs breathing and causes a characteristic cough . Croup (or Diphtheria) is an infectious respiratory disease caused by the bacillus Corynebacterium diphtheriae that settles in the tonsils.

Cough and other symptoms of Croup are the result of swelling around the vocal cords (larynx), trachea ( trachea ), and bronchial tubes (bronchi). When a cough forces air through this narrow passage, the swollen vocal cords produce a noise similar to seal barking.

Likewise, breathing often produces a high-pitched sound (stridor). Croup usually occurs in younger children. Croup is usually not serious and most cases can be treated at home.

Symptoms of Croup: Typical of Croup is the appearance of firm, grayish, pseudomembranous plaques on the tonsils and adjacent organs.

Malaise, sore throat , fever , runny nose , inflamed lymph nodes, and reddened patches of skin are other possible symptoms of the condition. Neck swelling, toxemia, prostration and mechanical asphyxia are signs that suggest a worsening of the infection.

As the child grows, the cartilage in the tracheal wall becomes stronger, supporting it. This is the reason why croup is much more common in very young children.

Symptoms become severe at night probably due to cold air which further irritates and inflames the mucous lining. They persist for five or six nights, but rarely much longer. The most difficult time is during the first couple of nights. Crupe usually gets better on its own unless it is severe or complicated.

Causes of Croup:  Croup is caused by a viral infection such as the Parainfluenza virus, or the measles virus, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), adenoid virus or influenza virus .

These are often spread among preschool children who have not yet gained immunity to microorganisms, such as those between three months and five years of age.

However, in some cases older children can also develop croup . The peak incidence is around 24 months, and the highest number of cases occurs between October and March.

Vaccine:  Receiving the triple bacterial vaccine (DTP) against Croup , tetanus and pertussis (pertussis) is essential for the prevention of the three diseases.

This is part of the official vaccination schedule and should be administered at two, four and six months of age and then a booster dose between 14 and 18 months and another between the child’s four and six years of age. DTP does not provide definitive immunization. Therefore, vaccination should be repeated every ten years.

The diagnosis is basically clinical, but it can be confirmed by culture on a sample of the pseudomembranous plaques typical of the disease.

Treatments for Croup: If Croup is suspected , treatment should begin immediately, even before laboratory tests confirm the diagnosis. Therefore, the patient must be removed from contact with other people and receive diphtheria antitoxin serum to neutralize the toxin produced by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Antibiotics such as penicillin and erythromycin may also be helpful in controlling the disease.

All people who have been in contact with the croup carrier should be evaluated in order to receive preventive or therapeutic care as needed.

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