Colorectal Cancer – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments!

Colorectal Cancer – What it is, Symptoms and Treatments of this condition. Also, Colorectal Cancer is a cancer that starts in the rectum or colon , which is the large intestine. Both organs are at the bottom of your digestive system. The colon is also known as the large intestine and the rectum is at the end of the colon . According to the American Cancer Society, it is estimated that one in 20 people will develop colorectal cancer during their lifetime.

Your doctor may use the test as a guide to find out how far away the cancer is . It is important for your doctor to know the stage of your cancer so they can come up with the best treatment plan for you and also so that you can give an estimate of the long-term outlook. The first stage of Colorectal Cancer is the first stage. Stages advance to stage 4, which is the most advanced stage. The stages of Colorectal Cancer are:

  • Stage I cancer penetrates the lining or mucosa of the colon  or rectum but has not spread to the walls of the organs.
  • Stage 2 cancer has spread to the walls of the colon or rectum, but has not yet affected the lymph nodes or nearby tissues.
  • Stage 3 cancer has moved to the lymph nodes, but not to other parts of the body yet. Usually one to three lymph nodes are involved at this stage.
  • Stage 4 cancer has spread to other distant organs, such as the liver or lungs .

Colorectal Cancer Symptoms: Colorectal cancer may have no symptoms, especially in the early stages. If you experience symptoms, they may include:

  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Changes in stool color
  • Changes in stool shape, such as narrowed stools
  • blood in the stool
  • rectal bleeding
  • unexplained weakness
  • passing excessive gas
  • Fatigue
  • unintentional weight loss
  • abdominal cramps
  • Abdominal pain

If you notice any of these symptoms, make an appointment with your doctor to discuss colon cancer screening .

Causes of Colorectal Cancer: Researchers still don’t know what causes Colorectal Cancer . However, they do know that Colorectal Cancer develops when healthy cells become abnormal. The abnormal cells divide and multiply faster than they should and have not died when they should. This leads to the accumulation of cells.

Pre-cancerous Growths: Abnormal cells build up in the lining of the colon , forming polyps, which are small, benign growths. Removal of these growths through surgery is a common method of prevention. Untreated polyps can become cancerous.

Gene Mutations: Sometimes Colorectal Cancer occurs in family members. This is due to a genetic mutation that is passed from parent to child. These mutations do not guarantee that you will develop Colorectal Cancer , but they do increase your chances.

Colorectal Cancer Risk Factors: There are a few factors that can increase your risk of developing colorectal cancer :

Inevitable Factors: Some factors that increase the risk of colorectal cancer are unavoidable. Getting rich is one of them. Your chances of developing cancer increase after you reach the age of 50. Some other unavoidable risk factors are:

  • A previous history of colon polyps ;
  • A previous history of intestinal disease;
  • Family history of Colorectal Cancer ;
  • Having a genetic syndrome such as familial adenomatous polyposis;
  • Being of Eastern European or African-American descent from Eastern Europe.

Avoidable Factors: Some risk factors for colorectal cancer are:

  • Being overweight or obese
  • be a smoker
  • Heavy use of alcohol
  • Having type 2 diabetes
  • Having a sedentary lifestyle
  • Consuming a diet rich in processed foods or red meats

Colorectal Cancer Diagnoses: Early diagnosis of Colorectal Cancer gives you the best chance of curing your Colorectal Cancer . Your doctor will start by getting information about your medical and family history. They will also perform a physical exam. The doctor may press on the abdomen or perform a rectal exam to determine the presence of lumps or polyps.

Blood Test: Your doctor may do blood tests to get a better idea of ​​what is causing your symptoms. While there is no blood test that specifically checks for Colorectal Cancer , liver function and complete blood count tests can rule out other diseases and disorders.

Colonoscopy: A colonoscopy involves using a long tube connected to a camera to examine your colon . This procedure allows your doctor to see inside your colon and rectum and note anything unusual. A colonoscopy also allows your doctor to remove tissue from abnormal areas so they can send it to a lab for analysis.

X-ray: Your doctor may order an X-ray using a radioactive liquid called barium. Your doctor will insert this fluid into your bowels using an enema. Once in place, it covers the lining of the colon and provides a contour so an X-ray can be taken.

CT Scan: Digital CT scans give your doctor a detailed picture of your colon . In the case of Colorectal Cancer , another name for a CT scan is a virtual colonoscopy.

Colorectal Cancer Treatments: Colorectal cancer treatment dependson a variety of factors. For example, the state of your general health and stage of Colorectal Cancer will help your doctor create an effective treatment plan.

Surgery: In the early stages of Colorectal Cancer , it may be possible for your surgeon to remove cancerous polyps through surgery. During surgery, if the polyp is not attached to the wall of the intestines, you will likely have an excellent outlook.

If your cancer has spread through your intestinal walls, however, your surgeon may need to remove a portion of your colon or rectum, along with any neighboring lymph nodes. If possible, your surgeon will reconnect the remaining healthy part of the colon to the rectum.

If that’s not possible, they may perform a colostomy. This involves creating an opening in the abdominal wall for waste removal. A colostomy is usually temporary.

Chemotherapy: Chemotherapy involves the use of drugs that kill cancer cells. In the case of colorectal cancer , chemotherapy is a common treatment after surgery to destroy any remaining cancer cells. Chemotherapy also controls the growth of your tumor and provides symptom relief in late-stage cancer .

Radiation: Radiation uses a powerful beam of energy, similar to that used in X-rays, to target and destroy cancer cells before and after surgery. Radiation treatment commonly occurs alongside chemotherapy.

Medication: In September 2012, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved the drug Stivarga (regorafenib) to treat patients with metastatic or late-stage colorectal cancer that is unresponsive to other types of treatment and has spread to other parts of the body. . This drug works by blocking enzymes that promote the growth of cancer cells.

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