The Main Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer that everyone should be aware of. Also, Colorectal Cancer is a type of cancer where abnormal cells form in the colon or rectum. Colorectal cancer and rectal cancer are often grouped together because the colon and rectum share common features as parts of the gastrointestinal system.
The vast majority of colorectal cancers form in the mucus-producing glands (adenocarinomas) within the colon or rectum and develop over several years. They usually start as small groups of benign (non-cancerous) cells in the colon known as polyps.
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When showing some symptoms, the polyps can eventually become cancerous. It is primarily for this reason that doctors recommend regular examinations to find polyps before they become cancerous.
In addition, less common tumors that can form in the colon or rectum are gastrointestinal stromal tumors and lymphomas. So, check out Top 10 Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer:
Colorectal Cancer Symptoms: As colorectal cancer develops, it may include these symptoms:
- Rectal bleeding;
- Blood in the stool;
- Abdominal pain;
- unexplained weight loss;
- A feeling that your bowels are not completely empty;
- Changes in bowel habits, such as diarrhea or constipation .
Changes in your Bowel Rhythm: Do you experience periods of constipation alternating with weeks of diarrhea ? Then discuss this with your doctor. It is important to know the origin of these changes in your intestinal rhythm.
Blood in Stool: It is one of the most obvious Colorectal Cancer Symptoms and one that we should never ignore. We know it’s never pleasant, but it’s important to always observe the color and shape of the stool , especially if you notice any traces of blood. The color can be red or black, and this can occur when stool comes into contact with polyps present in the colon or rectum, which end up bleeding.
Strange Feeling When Evacuating: Do you feel like you’re going to the bathroom, but you still have the urge? Does it feel like something is still missing inside the intestine? This problem is one of the Main Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer that should also be discussed with your doctor.
Abdominal Pain: Do you feel very full when you finish eating? Do you feel tired and with a very heavy abdomen? This probably occurs for some unimportant reason, such as gas, but if in addition to this symptom you also notice, for example, that your stools are different, it could be one of the Main Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer . It doesn’t cost anything and you’ll be more relaxed by discarding more serious things.
Weight Loss: When there is a problem in the colon , we fail to properly synthesize many nutrients, foods are not processed in the same way… All this can make us lose weight and can be one of the Main Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer .
Shape of Stools: Pay attention to any change in the shape of stools , especially if they are suddenly thinner, it can be one of the Main Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer . This could occur because the presence of polyps makes the intestines narrow and does not allow the normal evacuation of stools.
Anemia: Women tend to have anemia more often than men. This is usually due to heavy menstruation, but it is important to always know the causes. If you have been diagnosed with anemia , ask your doctor to also do an analysis of your stool to try to identify the presence of blood and if it could be one of the Top Symptoms of Colorectal Cancer .
Colorectal Cancer Prognosis: If you have been diagnosed with Colorectal Cancer , your treatment options will vary and will depend on the stage of the cancer . The three primary treatments are surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
For early-stage colorectal cancer , where the cancer is isolated in a polyp, a minor surgical procedure during a colonoscopy can completely remove all of the cancer cells. Larger polyps can be removed using laparoscopic surgery. For more invasive colorectal cancer, your doctor may recommend any of the following:
- Resection is a procedure used if the cancer has spread through the walls of the rectum. In it, the cancerous section of the rectum is removed, along with some nearby healthy tissue.
- Colectomy is surgery to remove the part of the colon that contains the cancer , as well as some nearby tissue.
- Local excision of the rectum is the removal of cancerous portions of the rectum.
- Pelvic exenteration is the removal of the lower colon , rectum, and bladder, as well as the prostate gland in men and the cervix and ovaries in women. This procedure is only used if the cancer has spread to these other organs.
For some of the advanced colorectal cancers , chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be used before or after surgery. When used before surgery, these treatments are designed to shrink the tumors so they are more easily removed.
When used after surgery, these treatment options are intended to destroy any remaining cancer cells, control tumor growth, or alleviate Colorectal Cancer Symptoms .