Colonic Polyps – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments!

Colonic Polyps – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments that we should not ignore. In addition, Colonic Polyps , also known as colorectal polyps, are growths that appear on the surface of the colon . The colon , or large intestine, is a long, hollow tube at the bottom of the digestive tract. It is where the body makes and stores stool. Colon polyps can vary in size and number. There are three types of Colonic Polyps :

  • Hyperplastic polyps are harmless and do not become cancer.
  • Adenomatous polyps are the most common. While most never develop into cancer, they do have the potential to develop colon cancer .
  • Malignant polyps are polyps that are observed under microscopic examination to have cancer cells in them.

What Causes Colonic Polyps:  Doctors don’t know the exact cause of Colonic Polyps , but polyps result from abnormal tissue growth. The body periodically develops new healthy cells to replace old cells that are damaged or no longer needed.

The growth and division of new cells is usually regulated. In some cases, however, new cells grow and divide before they are needed. This overgrowth causes polyps to form. Colonic Polyps can develop in any area of ​​the colon .

How Colonic Polyps are Diagnosed: Colonic  Polyps canbe found in various tests. These tests can include:

  • Colonoscopy:  During this procedure, a camera connected to a thin, flexible tube is threaded through the anus . This allows your doctor to see the rectum and colon . If a polyp is found, your doctor may immediately remove it or take tissue samples for analysis.
  • Sigmoidoscopy:  This screening method is similar to a colonoscopy but can only be used to see the rectum and lower colon . It cannot be used to take a biopsy or tissue sample. If your doctor detects a polyp, you will need to schedule a colonoscopy to remove it.
  • Barium enema:  For this test, your doctor injects liquid barium into your rectum and then uses a special X-ray to take images of your colon. Barium makes your colon appear white in pictures. Since the polyps are dark, they are easy to identify against the white color.
  • CT Clonography: This procedure uses a CT scan to build up images of the colon and rectum. After the scan, a computer combines the images of the colon and rectum to produce 2-D and 3-D views of the area. CT clonography is sometimes called a virtual colonoscopy. It may show swollen tissues, masses, ulcers and polyps.
  • Stool Test:  Your doctor will give you a test kit and instructions for providing a stool sample. You will return the sample to your doctor’s office for analysis, especially to test for microscopic bleeding. This test will show if you have blood in your stool, which could be a sign of a polyp.

Symptoms of Colonic Polyps:  In most cases, polyps do not cause symptoms and are usually found on  routine colon cancer screening testsHowever, if you do experience symptoms, they may include:

  • Blood in the stool or rectal bleeding.
  • Pain, diarrhea , or constipation that lasts for more than a week.
  • Nausea or vomiting if you have a large polyp.
  • Blood on your toilet paper or bloody stools can be an indication of rectal bleeding and should be evaluated by a doctor.

It is important to have regular screening tests to detect existing polyps. When Colonic Polyps are found in the early stages, they can be safely and completely removed during a colonoscopy. Removing polyps can reduce your risk of developing colon cancer .

Colonic Polyp Treatments:  The best way to treat Colonic Polyps is to remove them. Your doctor will likely remove your polyps during a colonoscopy. Colonic Polyps arethen examined under the microscope to see what type of polyp it is and if there are any cancer cells present.

Doctors can usually get rid of polyps without performing surgery. However, you may need surgery to remove Colonic Polyps if they are large and cannot be removed during a colonoscopy.

In most cases, this can be done by laparoscopic surgery. This type of surgery is minimally invasive and uses an instrument called a laparoscope. A laparoscope is a long, thin tube with high-intensity light and a high-resolution camera on the front.

The instrument is inserted through an incision in the abdomen. Once your surgeon has a look at your colon , they will remove the polyps using a special tool. A pathologist, or someone who specializes in tissue analysis, will check the polyps for cancer cells.

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