Collagenous Colitis – What it is, Symptoms and Drug Treatments. Also, Inflammatory bowel disease is a general name for diseases that cause inflammation in the intestines. Collagen Colitis and Lymphocytic Colitis are two types of intestinal inflammation that affect the colon (large intestine).
They are not related to Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis, which are more serious forms of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis are referred to as microscopic colitis because colonoscopy usually does not show signs of inflammation on the surface of the colon. Instead, colon tissue samples must be examined under a microscope to make the diagnosis.
Symptoms of Collagenous Colitis
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- Abdominal pain or cramps
- the weight loss
- Abdominal distention (bloating)
- fecal incontinence
- persistent diarrhea
Chronic diarrhea, the most common symptom is the main concern. Diarrhea is watery and bloody. It starts suddenly. Diarrhea can be monitored continuously and, in some cases, can be intermittent.
Symptoms may improve in between and then again may get worse. Patients can have four to nine liquid stools a day. Some patients may have up to 20 bowel movements a day. You can imagine the fatigue experienced by them.
Causes of Collagen Colitis: Some bacteria and toxins produced by bacteria or viruses can cause inflammation of the colon . Sometimes it can be an autoimmune problem, which means the body’s immune system makes healthy cells overactive and attacks damage, considering them as foreign invaders.
The causes of inflammation of the intestinal mucosa are Diabetes mellitus, a disease caused by the inability of the pancreas to produce sufficient amounts of insulin in the body to control blood sugar levels. see now possible causes of Collagenous Colitis.
- Celiac disease, a disease of the digestive system caused by eating gluten protein.
- Thyroid problems that affect the functions of other systems in the body.
- Rheumatoid arthritis is an inflammatory autoimmune disease that affects the joints.
- Pernicious anemia, a condition that results in low levels of red blood cells.
- Scleroderma, a skin and connective tissue disease that is also a chronic autoimmune disease.
- Sjogren’s syndrome, an immune system disease that causes inflammation of connective tissue.
Some Genetic Components: Use of certain medications, such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like aspirin and ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, others) can lead to colon inflammation . Many drugs are associated with an increased risk of inflammatory bowel disease.
Flexible sigmoidoscopy, colonoscopy, or may be performed by your doctor before diagnosis of the condition. There is evidence collagen colitis increases the risk of colon cancer and death. UC increases the risk of colon cancer . Sometimes a biopsy is done to diagnose the disease. The condition usually does not require treatment. A mild case can heal itself within a week without treatment. In case of severe symptoms, changes in lifestyle are expected of patients.
Treatment of Collagen Colitis: Lifestyle changes: To improve the health of the digestive system, the patient should follow a low-fat diet. Diet colitis should exclude caffeine (usually found in tea, coffee, soft drinks), lactose (found in dairy products), spicy foods, raw fruits and vegetables, alcohol, tobacco, etc.
Medications For Collagenous Colitis:: Anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen should be avoided as they can worsen diarrhea. Mild to moderate diarrhea can be controlled with the help of medication and appropriate medication.
Surgery For Collagen Colitis: If the drugs are not effective then the inflamed colon can be surgically removed. Surgery is considered the last option for
Collagenous colitis can affect patients’ quality of life. But simple dietary changes and lifestyle changes can help the symptoms go away completely. A controlled diet promotes quick recovery.