Colitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Colitis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatments that few know. In addition, colitis is an intestinal inflammation that causes symptoms such as alternating diarrhea and constipation, which can be caused by food poisoning.

The treatment of Colitis  is done with painkillers, anti-inflammatory drugs and with a targeted diet recommended by a nutritionist. Colitis can have many  causes.

Types of Colitis are:

Ulcerative Colitis: Ulcerative  Colitis is a type of Colitis  characterized by ulceration and inflammation of the most superficial layer of the colon. Colitis can involve just some parts of the   colon or all of it.

Crohn’s Disease: This is believed to be yet another type of Colitis . However, some people just compare both diseases, as they are part of the Inflammatory Bowel Diseases category, unlike the previous one, this one can affect the entire digestive system, especially the small intestine and colon, with an invasive inflammatory process and more. aggressive.

Pseudomembranous Colitis: Usually,  Pseudomembranous Colitis  occurs because of the overgrowth of Clostridium difficile bacteria.

Causes of Colitis: Colitis can be caused by:

  • Stress;
  • Food poisoning;
  • worms;
  • Acute or chronic infections;
  • irritable bowel syndrome ;
  • Intestinal inflammation;
  • Little local blood flow.

Colitis Symptoms : Colitis  symptoms also usually vary according to the type of disease. Overall, though,  colitis  can have common signs and symptoms, such as:

  • Abdominal dilatation;
  • Constant or recurrent abdominal pain ;
  • Bloody stools;
  • Chills;
  • Constant need to evacuate;
  • Dehydration;
  • diarrhea ;
  • Fever;
  • Increase in flatulence.

Treatment for Colitis:  Treatment for  Colitis depends on the cause, and often focuses on relieving symptoms, supportive care, and maintaining adequate hydration and pain control. Antibiotics may be prescribed to treat infectious causes of Colitis , as well as some bacterial infections that cause Colitis to resolve without any treatment.

Anti-inflammatory medication may also be needed to treat the inflammation and pain of colitis . In more extreme cases, surgery to remove part or all of the colon and/or rectum may be necessary if other treatments do not work.

Useful links: 

Prevention of Colitis:  Prevention of Colitis depends a lot on the cause. However, some general measures can be taken to prevent colitis . It is recommended:

  • Keep the digestive system in good condition. To do so, establish the habit of ingesting fruits, vegetables, whole grains and vegetables daily to prevent Colitis ;
  • Drink lots of water every day;
  • Animal fats and dairy products should be consumed in moderation as they irritate the digestive tract. Tobacco, coffee and soft drinks are other substances that can end up leading to Colitis ;
  • Practice sports or do activities that help reduce anxiety and stress levels, as these feelings promote ulcerations in the intestinal mucosa;
  • Get into the habit of ingesting tranquilizing teas. If necessary, resort to natural tranquilizers;
  • Maintain good hygiene habits . Don’t put your dirty hands in your mouth, don’t eat in places that look dirty and always wash shared utensils very well. A variety of parasites and bacteria can cause Colitis .

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