Cervicitis – What it is, Causes, Symptoms and Treatment!

Cervicitis – What it is, causes, symptoms and treatment. are diverse . Cervicitis is a common disease characterized by inflammation of the cervix (the thick tissue that connects the uterus to the vagina). More than half of women will have cervicitis at least once. If you have the disease, it is important to recognize and treat it; otherwise, it can lead to infections in the uterus, fallopian tubes, or ovaries and, over time, to pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) and infertility.

What is Cervicitis:  Cervicitis is inflammation of the cervix, cervix, or cervix, which is the narrowest part of the organ known as the cervix. Its anatomy is shaped like a neck, which protrudes deep into the vagina. Externally, the cervix is ​​lined by mucosa in continuity with the mucosa of the vagina and inside by a glandular lining that continues with the cavity of the uterus.

This anatomy, together with a complex ecosystem and a competent immune system, form a true barrier that protects and prevents bacteria and lower genital infections from ascending to the uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and abdominal cavity. It is worth remembering that the woman’s abdominal cavity communicates with the external environment, so the cervix assumes this role of guardian.

Causes of Cervicitis: The most common infections and important causes of cervicitis are sexually transmitted diseases ( STDs ) such as chlamydia and gonorrhea. However, other causes also occur like Trichomoniasis, herpes, vaginal infections ( vaginosis ), Streptococcus, Mycoplasma genitalium, other bacteria and even tuberculosis. Some of the infections are facilitators for other bacteria that develop, progress and ascend through the genital tract, leading to pelvic infection.

Symptoms of Cervicitis: The most common signs and symptoms of cervicitis are: mucopurulent discharge and bleeding after sexual intercourse and outside of menstrual periods.

Treatment of Cervicitis: Emergency treatment depends on the clinical picture and tends to be comprehensive for chlamydia, gonorrhea, mycoplasma and others.

Patients and partners must be alerted, oriented, monitored and evaluated for the control of cure and research of other sexually transmitted diseases ( STDs ). It is indicated to avoid intercourse until the treatment is completed to avoid reinfections.

prevention: Proper use of male and female condoms prevents STDs and other infections. Currently, the number of chlamydia infections has increased mainly in the group of young people under 25 years of age. In almost all STDs , women, pregnancies, and newborns are the ones who suffer the most from their sometimes fatal consequences.

How to lower your risk of getting cervicitis:  If you are sexually active, you can reduce your risk for sexually transmitted diseases, including AIDS , by having sex only in a mutually monogamous relationship with a partner you know is not infected . If you have sex outside of this type of relationship, you can reduce your risk by:

  • Always use condoms when having any type of sexual intercourse.
  •  Limit the number of people you have sex with . The more partners, the greater the risk.
  •  Avoid alcohol and drugs when having sex. This can make it difficult to remember to use condoms to protect yourself.

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