7 main causes of low platelets in the body!

The main causes of low platelets in the body , also known as thrombocytopenia or thrombocytopenia, are a decrease in the number of platelets in the blood , a condition that impairs clotting, and can cause symptoms such as purple or red spots on the skin , bleeding from the gums or nose. , and reddish urine, for example.

In addition, platelets are essential components of blood  for clotting, facilitating wound healing and preventing bleeding, and there are several causes for their reduction.

These include infections such as dengue, drug use such as heparin, immunity-related diseases such as thrombocytopenic purpura and even cancer . The treatment of this situation must be done according to its cause, by the general practitioner or hematologist, and it may only be necessary to control the cause, use medication or, in very serious cases, platelet transfusion.

Main causes of  low platelets in the body: 

1. pregnancy

One of the causes of low platelets in  the body is pregnancy. According to some studies, they have shown that around 5 percent of women suffer from this problem during pregnancy.

It is one reason that causes this problem, which is referred to as gestational thrombocytopenia. This must be distinguished from ITP and the different causes of thrombocytopenia that is associated with pregnancy such as eclampsia, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), TTP or HUS.

2. Infection:

Infection is one of the main causes of low platelets in the body . And the main cause of thrombocytopenia by infection  can be viral in type. And among a lot of different examples have infectious mononucleosis, HIV and CMV. the patient’s medical history, in most of these cases, may expose acutal symptoms that are consistent with the viral infection .

3. Malignant disease:

Lymphoproliferative diseases such as lymphoma and lymphatic leukemia can be associated with the immune system – mediated thrombocytopenia, which is one of the causes of low platelets in the body .

However, the result of thrombocytopenia could be due to reduced platelet infiltration of your bone marrow or due to cancer treatment cytostatics. Although immune-mediated thrombocytopenia is described in patients who have solid tumors, the association is still rare.

4. By thrombocytopenia dilution:

As you can see, thrombocytopenia is one of the main causes of low platelets in the body . Thus, dilution thrombocytopenia is also considered as one of them. It is a common reason causing thrombocytopenia in hospitalized patients after having lost a lot of blood . In addition, it occurs when the aggressive platelet count apparatus drops intravenous fluids.

5. Drugs introduced thrombocytopenia:

Almost the drug situations of thrombocytopenia are the result of the newly introduced drugs during the therapy. The fact shows that the time it takes for the occurrence of low platelets in the body to occur is only two weeks.

However, situations are not described. And in these situations, patients had been taking the medication for about three years before it happened.

6. Alcohol:

One of the main causes of low platelets in the body  is alcohol . Why is alcohol said to be one of the reasons that cause this disease? Although decreased platelet counts may be because of bone marrow suppression brought on by alcohol , there are two major factors that cause this problem: hypersplenism and folate deficiency due to chronic liver disease. Also, you should stay away from alcohol in order to protect your liver health.

7. Hypersplenism:

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When talking about the causes of low platelets in the body , hypersplenism should be mentioned, too. The platelet count of patients suffering from hypersplenism occasionally drops below 30,000. uL Also, the platelet count which is less than this ought to compel research for additional as well as different etiology. Also, sometimes it can be displayed in anemia or leukopenia, but in some cases it can be displayed in cases of thrombocytopenia.

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