Top 10 Causes of Kidney Stones

The Main Causes of Kidney Stones that can be prevented with changes in behavior and habits. In addition, we are talking about a painful condition marked by the formation of pebbles that obstruct the urinary system. Renal Calculus, popularly known as kidney stone , this hardened formation can appear in the kidneys and clog another point in the urinary channel. As the ureter, the channel that carries urine to the bladder, is very narrow, the particle gets stuck. To expel it, the organism causes contractions and intense pain appears.

The kidneys function as two large blood filters. In addition to water to form urine, they retain several elements, such as calcium, uric acid and oxalate. When these molecules appear in large quantities and there is little liquid to dissolve them, crystals or aggregates appear that swell and turn the stones. Their size varies, but can reach 2.5 centimeters.

The stones formed by calcium correspond to about 80% of the cases of Stone in the Kidneys . This happens when the intestine promotes an exaggerated absorption of the mineral, which cannot be excreted satisfactorily from the kidneys. This is where calcium crystals form. In the same way, when there is an excessive concentration of uric acid or oxalate (caused by a bad use of the organism, for example), pebbles with painful potential can be formed.

There is also a fourth and rarer type of stone, struvite. Unlike the others, this one mainly affects women. Its origin is associated with an infection caused by the bacterium Proteus mirabillis, which alters the pH of the urine, facilitating the aggregation of magnesium, phosphate and ammonia particles.

The formation can reach 11 centimeters, occupying the entire space of the kidney . As it is softer, the pee can pass through it and so there is no pain. A danger, because the problem goes unnoticed and lasts – and the kidney can end up seriously affected. So check now The Top 10 Causes of Kidney Stones.

Causes of Kidney Stones: Kidney  stones are formed when the urine has larger than normal amounts of certain substances, such as calcium, oxalate and uric acid, or has a decrease in the amount of some factors that would prevent these crystals from agglomerating such as example citrate. These substances can precipitate and form small crystals that will later coalesce and turn into stones. Some factors are considered risk factors, as they contribute to the appearance of Stone in the Kidneys.

Risk factors:

  • Family history: If someone in your family has had kidney stones , you are more likely to develop them as well. Now, if you have ever had the disease, the chances of you developing it again are also high.
  • Adults over 40 are more likely to develop kidney stones than younger people. However, the problem can occur at any age
    Men are more susceptible to kidney stones than women.
  • Failure to drink the recommended amount of water every day increases the risk of developing kidney stones . In this sense, people who live in hot regions or who sweat a lot are in the risk group.
  • Diets high in protein, sodium (salt), or sugar are also considered risk factors.
  • The exacerbated presence of salt in the diet increases the amount of calcium that the kidneys must filter, which consequently leads to a greater risk of developing Kidney Stones .
    People with obesity are also at increased risk of developing kidney stones .
  • Digestive tract diseases, such as gastrointestinal inflammation and chronic diarrhea , and surgeries, such as gastric bypass, can cause changes in the digestion process that directly affect the absorption of calcium and water , increasing the chances of the formation of substances capable of leading to the formation of stones.
  • Other diseases such as acidosis, renal tubular damage, cystinuria, hyperparathyroidism, urinary tract disease, and some medications can also increase the risk of kidney stones.

Kidney Stone Symptoms: Kidney  stone symptomscome on suddenly when the stone is too big and gets stuck in the kidney , when it starts going down the ureter, which is a very tight channel to the bladder, or when it causes an infection. The kidney crisis can vary over time, especially in the location and intensity of pain, but small stones usually do not cause problems and are often only discovered during urinalysis, ultrasound or X-ray, for example.
Thus, the main symptoms caused by this problem are:

  • Waves of intense pain in the lower back, which can also reach the groin and testicles;
  • Pain when urinating;
  • Pink, red or brown urine due to the presence of blood;
  • Increased urge to urinate;
  • Nausea and vomiting;
  • Difficulty lying down and resting due to restlessness from pain;
  • Fever above 38ºC, chills and diarrhea , in case of infection.

The location and intensity of pain can vary according to the movement of the stone within the body, being more intense when it travels through the ureter to the bladder, to be eliminated along with the urine. In cases of intense pain that does not go away, fever, vomiting, blood in the urine or difficulty urinating, you should seek medical attention.

Kidney Stone Treatment:  The type of treatment to be applied to the patient will depend on the size and location of the stone and the symptoms presented. Stones larger than 6 mm require surgery. When the stones are small and do not show many symptoms, the patient will not need to undergo very invasive procedures. In these cases, the doctor may indicate some measures that help in recovery:

  • Drinking plenty of water (two to three liters a day) helps to eliminate stones through urine.
  • Pain relievers for pain caused by kidney stones are also an option.
  • However, when the stones are large and cause stronger symptoms in the patient, treatment must be differentiated.

Larger stones cannot pass on their own, they can cause bleeding, more serious kidney damage and urinary tract infections. For these cases, more invasive procedures should be used, such as:

  • Extracorporeal electrohydraulic shock wave lithotripsy. This type of treatment consists of creating strong vibrations to break up the stones and facilitate excretion.
  • Percutaneous tracheostomy: consists of the surgical removal of larger stones through a small cut made in the patient’s back
  • Ureteroscopy. The doctor will insert a very thin tube through the patient’s urethra to remove stones from the urinary tract.
  • Cirurgia de glândulas paratireoides. Uma alteração nas glândulas paratireoides, localizada próxima à tireoide, faz com que ela aumente os níveis de cálcio no corpo, podendo causar pedras no rim. Uma cirurgia nessas glândulas pode ser a solução para regular a produção do hormônio.

Receita Caseira Para Pedra nos Rins:



  • Prepare todas essas frutas, eliminando a casca e as sementes.
  • Coloque todas as frutas em um extrator de sucos e depois despeje em uma jarra.
  • Este suco especial deve ser consumido duas vezes por dia, todos os dias.

Note: In case of swollen kidneys, what you should do is go to the hospital so that the doctor can identify the best treatment, which can be done including surgery. But if the cause of the swollen kidney is a small kidney stone, what you can drink is plenty of water to increase the production of urine and make it easier for the stones in the kidneys or ureters to pass.

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