The Main Causes of Acute Kidney Failure that we should not ignore. Also, Acute Kidney Failure occurs when your kidneys suddenly lose the ability to eliminate excess salts, fluids, and waste materials from your blood. This elimination is the core of the kidneys ‘ main function .
Body fluids can rise to dangerous levels when the kidneys lose their filtering ability. The condition will also cause electrolytes and waste to build up in your body, which can also be fatal. Acute Kidney Failure is also called acute kidney injury or kidney failure . It is common in people who are already in the hospital. It can develop quickly over a few hours.
It can also develop over a few days to weeks. People who are critically ill and need intensive care are at the highest risk of developing Acute Kidney Failure .
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Acute Kidney Failure can be fatal and requires intensive treatment. However, it may be reversible. If you are in good health, otherwise recovery is possible. So, check out now The 16 Main Causes of Acute Kidney Failure:
Causes of Acute Kidney Failure: Acute Kidney Failure can occur for many reasons. Among the most common reasons for Acute Kidney Failure are:
- Acute tubular necrosis (ATN)
- Severe or sudden dehydration
- Toxic kidney damage from poisons or certain medications
- Autoimmune kidney diseases, such as acute nephritic syndrome and interstitial nephritis
- urinary tract obstruction
- low blood pressure
- Septic shock
- Serious illness
Certain disorders can cause your kidney’s blood vessels to clot, and this can lead to Acute Kidney Failure . These conditions include:
- hemolytic uremic syndrome
- Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Thrombotic Purpura (ITTP)
- malignant hypertension
- transfusion reaction
Some infections, such as septicemia and acute pyelonephritis, can directly harm your kidneys . Pregnancy can also cause complications that damage the kidneys , including placenta previa and placental abruption. So, check out now The 16 Main Causes of Acute Kidney Failure:
Symptoms of Acute Kidney Failure: In the early stages of Acute Kidney Failure , there may be no symptoms. The only possible warning sign may be that the person is not producing much urine, although this is not always the case. The main symptoms of Acute Kidney Failure include:
- bloody stools
- breath odor
- Slow and sluggish movements
- Generalized swelling or fluid retention
- Pain between ribs and hips
- hand tremor
- bruises easily
- Changes in mental state or mood, especially if you are older
- decreased appetite
- Decreased sensation, especially in the hands or feet
- prolonged bleeding
- High pressure
- A metallic taste in the mouth
Risk Factors for Acute Kidney Failure: The chances of getting Acute Kidney Failure are higher if you are an older person or if you have any of the following long-term health problems:
- Kidney disease
- liver disease
- Diabetes , especially if not well controlled
- High pressure
- Cardiac insufficiency
- Morbid obesity
If you are sick or being treated in a hospital’s intensive care unit, you are at extremely high risk of Acute Kidney Failure . Being a recipient of heart surgery, abdominal surgery, or a bone marrow transplant can also increase your risk.
Complications of Acute Kidney Failure: Some of the complications of Acute Kidney Failure include:
- chronic kidney failure
- heart damage
- nervous system damage
- End -stage acute kidney failure
- High pressure
Diagnosis of Acute Kidney Failure: If you have Acute Kidney Failure , you may have widespread swelling. The swelling is due to fluid retention. Using a stethoscope, your doctor can hear crackling in your lungs. These sounds can signal fluid retention. Laboratory test results may also show abnormal values, which are new and different from baseline levels. Some of these tests include:
- Blood urea nitrogen (BUN)
- serum potassium
- serum sodium
- Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR)
- urine analysis
- creatinine clearance
- serum creatinine
An ultrasound is the preferred method for diagnosing Acute Kidney Failure . However, abdominal X-rays, abdominal CT scans, and abdominal MRI scans can help your doctor determine if there is a blockage in your urinary tract. Certain blood tests can also reveal underlying causes of Acute Kidney Failure .
Treatments for Acute Kidney Failure: Your treatment will depend on the cause of your Acute Kidney Failure . The goal is to restore normal kidney function. Preventing fluids and waste from building up in your body while your kidneys recover is important. In most cases, a kidney specialist called a “nephrologist” does an evaluation. Your doctor will restrict your diet and the amount of fluids you eat and drink.
This will reduce the buildup of toxins that the kidneys would normally eliminate. A diet rich in carbohydrates and low in protein, salt and potassium is recommended. Your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat or prevent any infections that occur at the same time. Diuretics can help your kidneys to eliminate fluid.
Calcium and insulin can help prevent dangerous increases in blood potassium levels. You may need dialysis, but it’s not always necessary. Dialysis involves diverting blood from your body to a machine that filters out waste. The clean blood then returns to your body.
If your potassium levels are dangerously high, dialysis can save your life. Dialysis is needed if there are changes in your mental state or if you stop urinating. You may also need dialysis if you develop pericarditis or inflammation of the heart. Dialysis can help eliminate nitrogen waste from your body.
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Prevention of Acute Kidney Failure: Prevention and treatment of conditions that can lead to Acute Kidney Failure is the best method to prevent the disease. Having a healthy lifestyle that includes regular physical activity and a sensible diet can help prevent Acute Kidney Failure . Work with your doctor to manage existing medical conditions that can lead to Acute Kidney Failure .