Buscopan – What is it for, how to take it and contraindication

Buscopan – What is it for, how to take it and contraindication. In addition, Buscopan  has an antispasmodic action, acting on painful contractions and relieving fast and prolonged cramps , abdominal pain and discomfort. It also has an important analgesic property, which reduces the perception of pain. Buscopan takes effect soon after taking it and its effect lasts for 6 to 8 hours. Buscopan is the best-known trade name for the drug scopolamine butylbromide, also known as butylscopolamine or hyoscine butylbromide.

Scopolamine is an antispasmodic substance found in buscopan , that is, it inhibits the contraction of smooth muscles, usually of tubular organs. The action of Buscopan is especially effective in the gastrointestinal tract, which is why this drug is very useful in the treatment of  intestinal cramps.

Composition of Buscopan: Each buscopan  tablet is coated and contains 10 mg of scopolamine butylbromide, corresponding to 6.89 mg of scopolamine and 250 mg of dipyrone sodium monohydrate, corresponding to 221.51 mg of dipyrone .

Excipients: silicon dioxide, povidone, lactose monohydrate, starch, sodium starch glycollate, magnesium stearate , ethyl alcohol, hypromellose, macrogol, talc, titanium dioxide, simethicone, isopropyl alcohol, purified water.

What is Buscopan for: Buscopan  is an anticholinergic drug that acts by inhibiting the action of the central nervous system on smooth muscles, which is a type of involuntary contraction muscle present in various organs, including the gastrointestinal tract, urinary tract and uterus. This cholinergic blockade is responsible for inhibiting the contraction of several smooth muscles, which, when it occurs intensely, is responsible for various pain conditions, such as intestinal  , uterine, renal and biliary colic .

Therefore, Buscopan is a medication that can be used to relieve pain in the following conditions:

How to Take Buscopam: Buscopan can be found in pharmacies in pills of 10 mg or in oral solution (drops) 10 mg/ml. The onset of its effect is usually noticeable after about 20 minutes.

Dosage of Buscopan in Drops: 20 drops of Buscopan is equivalent to 1 ml of solution and 10 mg of scopolamine. The usually recommended doses are:

  • Adults and children over 6 years: 20 to 40 drops (10-20 mg), 3 to 5 times a day.
  • Children between 1 and 6 years: 10 to 20 drops (5-10 mg), 3 times a day.
  • Infants: 10 drops (5 mg) 3 times a day.

Buscopan Tablet Dosage: The usual recommended doses are:

  • Adults and children over 6 years: 1 to 2 tablets (10-20 mg), 3 to 5 times a day.

Side Effects of Buscopan: Most of the possible adverse effects of Buscopan are uncommon, mild and go away on their own. Less than 1% of patients experience the following side effects:

  • hives .
  • Dry mouth.
  • itching .
  • Tachycardia (rapid heart).
  • Dyshidrosis (small itchy blisters on the palms and soles of the feet).
  • Less than 0.1% of patients have urinary retention.

Contraindication of Buscopan: Buscopan should be avoided for patients with the following conditions:

  • Megacolon.
  • Miastenia gravis.
  • Closed-angle glaucoma.
  • Children with acute or persistent diarrhea.
  • History of scopolamine or hyoscine allergy.
  • Fructose intolerance.
  • Urinary obstruction.
  • pregnancy _
Useful links: 

There is not enough information about the presence of Buscopan in breast milk, therefore, as a precautionary measure, this drug should be avoided during breast-feeding.

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