Brown discharge – what is it, how to identify it, is it a sign of pregnancy?

If you’re trying to get pregnant, every little change your body experiences can be a warning sign. In particular, if you have brown discharge , you may feel extremely concerned about its meaning. And indeed, while brown discharge can be a sign of pregnancy, in combination with other symptoms it can indicate quite different conditions. For example, sexually transmitted diseases, microtrauma, and changes in the course of pregnancy are considered to be pathological causes of brown discharge .

What is brown discharge?

Vaginal discharge is a problem that concerns all women, as it can say a lot about the health of the intimate area. Vaginal discharge is a watery discharge, which can become slimy and can vary in consistency, color, and odor, depending on a number of factors.

This normally takes on a dark color because it consists of the remains of blood left in the body, either because it was not discarded before or because the process took longer. This flow can occur before or after menstruation, as well as being a sign of pregnancy, although there are other different reasons that determine the presence of this flow.

Brown discharge: am I pregnant?

The presence of brown discharge just before menstruation can be a sign of fertilization. This symptom occupies an important place among the first signs of pregnancy , as it is a direct testament to the adhesion of the egg to the uterine mucosa.

Implant hemorrhage results from damage to the endometrial vessels that occurs during the attachment process. It is very interesting that the egg secretes bioactive substances, which attenuate the endometrial surface. This aims to facilitate its incorporation into the endometrium surface, entering deeper and deeper.

As expected, this event causes some bleeding in the area, but this blood loss is not a threat and is considered absolutely natural, as the damaged endometrial lining heals in less than two weeks.

Can implantation bleeding be brown?

Brown implantation bleeding is the most common variant. Also, the dark color is determined by the fact that blood does not come out immediately, but takes a while to come out through the vagina.

It is also possible to see a pink spot, when blood is released more quickly, but in combination with clear vaginal mucus.

Features of implantation bleeding:

  • Occurs a few days before the expected period.
  • It doesn’t last more than 3 days.
  • It’s painless.
  • It is often followed by other signs of pregnancy .

What does brown discharge mean if I’m not pregnant?

In addition to the implantation process, brown discharge can be determined by multiple causes, which we will classify into two categories:

Physiological brown discharge:

  • Ovulation bleeding is a small amount of bleeding that occurs when the egg leaves the follicle. It is seen mid-cycle and may be accompanied by abdominal pain.
  • Adaptation bleeding occurs in the first 3-6 months when hormonal contraceptives are used.

Pathological brown discharge (may occur in conjunction with pregnancy):

  • Sexually transmitted diseases. Abnormal and malodorous vaginal discharge is the main characteristic of sexually transmitted diseases. It is usually accompanied by itching or burning around the vagina.
  • In some cases, brown discharge can be the result of recent sexual activity. Mild trauma to the mucosa may appear even after a visit to the gynecologist. It could also be caused by a recent vaginal exam if samples were taken of cells from the cervix.
  • Pre-cancerous or malignant trauma to the cervical canal can cause irregular bleeding, including bleeding after intercourse.
  • Subchorial bleeding, which is the discharge of blood accumulated under the placental membrane. It’s harmless as long as it doesn’t cause placental abruption.
  • Violation of the course of pregnancy. There are general signs of disturbance of any type of pregnancy, including vaginal bleeding. It should be borne in mind that sex is contraindicated in case of uterine tonicity during pregnancy, as it can cause miscarriage .

Conditions that cause brown discharge in pregnant women:

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome .
  • Thyroid disease and other hormonal disorders.
  • Perimenopausa.
  • Uterine fibroids and endometrial cancer.
  • Endometriosis and adenomyosis (pathologies of endometrial development).
  • Disorders in blood clotting.

Diagnosis of causes of brown discharge:

If all the signs indicate that the implant has occurred bleeding, in case of unprotected sex about three weeks before the bleeding, it is possible to consider a pregnancy. To dispel doubts, you can opt to take a home pregnancy test, which is based on detecting chorionic gonadotropin (pregnancy hormone) in the urine. Or a laboratory blood test may be done. It is important to keep in mind that, in addition to the bleeding implant, there are symptoms that indicate pregnancy, such as nausea in the morning, delay in the normal period, increase in size and sensitivity in the breasts, among others.

brown , excessive, clotted discharge that causes abdominal pain, malaise, and possibly loss of consciousness, can warn of a miscarriage .

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In any case, if you are concerned about brown discharge , you should inform your gynecologist and try to determine the cause. Also, in most cases, there’s nothing to worry about, but it’s always a good idea to get an exam to make sure you’re okay.

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