Brown discharge in pregnancy – what to do? causes?

A pregnant woman’s body is unpredictable. The processes taking place within it can be impressive and often inexplicable. But these same changes scare future moms from time to time. During pregnancy, the female body becomes a temporary home for the fetus, the life support machine, and the warnings define processes and changes in your body, it can be alarmed enough.

Brown discharge in pregnancy is one of the things that cause concern. There are some specific cases where brown spotting is considered normal, but most of the time these excretions pose a risk for pregnancy. That’s why, if you’ve found brown stains on your underwear, you need an urgent appointment with a gynecologist.

What is brown discharge in pregnancy?

Brown discharge in pregnancy is a normal, not alarming, expulsion of blood accumulated from insignificant detachments that occur when the embryo has implanted in the uterine wall. Since the body evacuates through the blood stream and with that it will clean the endometrium and for that reason the flow is that color.

But if you talk about “detachment”, get scared and don’t trust this term with the words “nothing alarming”, then the best thing is to consult your doctor, because this situation happens to many future mothers; However, when you are expecting, it is better than ever, in the face of any abnormality, it will be best for a specialist to check your baby’s well-being to rule out any danger.

When is it normal?

Between days 6 and 12 after conception, the fertilized egg reaches the uterus and is implanted in the uterine wall. Implantation may be accompanied by brown spots. Women who can’t even guess that they are pregnant often mistake these excretions for a menstrual period. But we must admit that implantation hemorrhage is often followed by creamy beige or pink secretions. When the flow turns dark brown, it could be a danger sign.

There are cases when a brown spot appears during the next few months at the usual time of period. Such a thing happens due to hormonal imbalance.

What causes?

Brown discharge in pregnancy is a very common occurrence and can indicate many things. Some of the causes are:

1. Risk of a miscarriage:

However, most of the time brown discharge during early pregnancy is a warning sign: there is a risk of miscarriage . Due to the detachment of the fetal bladder, there is blood in the vaginal excreta. In addition, a woman may experience persistent pain in her lower abdomen, often accompanied by dizziness and vomiting.

Such cases need medical attention. Doctors prescribe a course of treatment for the expectant mother with the aim of maintaining pregnancy and bed rest. Help avoid the sad outcome.

2. Ectopic pregnancy:

The shedding of the fertilized egg is inevitable during an ectopic pregnancy . That is why brown discharge in pregnancy can be one of the symptoms of this pathology. In this case, you should immediately contact a medical specialist. The sooner you make a correct diagnosis and take the necessary measures, the more likely it is that your reproductive system will remain intact.

Ectopic pregnancy is usually revealed during an ultrasound . The doctor may also assign additional tests if needed.

3. A sign of a disease:

Many gynecological problems can be accompanied by brown discharge in pregnancy . This happens when an expectant mother has a urinary tract infection or cervical erosion. Pregnancy doesn’t stop you from getting sick. On the contrary, sometimes your immune system becomes more fragile during the gestation period. That’s why pregnancy planning, with its exams, tests and vaccinations, is so important.

4. Placenta previa:

Brown discharge during the later stages of pregnancy can be a symptom of placenta previa. It is a complication of pregnancy when the placenta is close to the cervix , when it is very low. The growing uterus can rupture blood vessels in the upper layers of the placenta, causing a small amount of bleeding. In this case, it will be helpful if your doctor performs an ultrasound on the day you have brown spots.

5. Precursor of birth:

If your pregnancy is coming to an end and you have noticed brown secretions, the most likely cause of the symptom is the loss of the mucus plug. That means you must prepare for childbirth: labor will start soon! But we cannot say exactly when, the process is individual. The time period between the loss of the mucus plug and the start of labor can be from two hours to two weeks.

When is it cause for concern?

While there is no need to panic in most occurrences of brown discharge in pregnancy , every expectant mother should monitor herself and her symptoms so that signs of a serious problem are not missed while they are still manageable. It is important to keep track of the appearance, amount, and odor of brown discharge, and any perceived abnormalities should be referred to a doctor immediately.

There are some symptoms that reflect serious underlying problems:

Large Amount of Discharge:

In general, any discharge during pregnancy that is not confined to your bathing suit and needs a pad for treatment is a sign that a doctor should be consulted.

Discomfort Associated with Discharge:

Discharge accompanied by pain and cramping, a foul odor and persistence for more than a week may indicate a vaginal infection .

Aqueous Discharge:

Discharge accompanied by watery fluid or lumpy material that may indicate a miscarriage .

Duration of Brown Discharge in Pregnancy:

Brown discharge that persists for more than a week after intercourse or a medical exam could be a sign of an infection.

Fever Along With Discharge:

Discharge accompanied by fever and chills which can be caused by a serious infection of the uterus or kidneys and should be treated immediately.

Severe Pain with Discharge:

Discharge accompanied by dizziness, severe pain and abdominal cramping, which can be caused by an Ectopic Pregnancy , which poses a threat to the mother’s life and will need to be stopped quickly.

When should you see the doctor?

Your decision to seek a doctor’s opinion depends on the nature of the discharge, and it’s important to assess its color, amount, texture, and odor.

Useful links: 

Consider seeing a doctor if:

  • There is a lot of discharge as opposed to some spotting. The discharge that needs a sanitary napkin should be checked.
  • Discharge after sexual intercourse persists for more than 7 days, is foul-smelling or irritating.
  • The discharge is accompanied by pain or expulsion of tissue or lumps.
  • The discharge is accompanied by fever or chills.
  • The discharge is accompanied by abdominal cramping, severe pain, or dizziness.

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