Bronchiectasis – What is it, Causes and Treatments!

Bronchiectasis – What it is, Causes and Treatments we should all know. Additionally, bronchiectasis  is a condition where the bronchial tubes of your lungs are permanently damaged, enlarged, and thickened. These damaged air passages allow bacteria and mucus to build up and build up in the lungs . This results in frequent infections and airway blockages.

There is no cure for Bronchiectasis , but it is manageable. With treatment, you can usually live a normal life. However, flare-ups must be treated quickly to maintain the flow of oxygen to the rest of the body and prevent further lung damage . So, check now  Bronchiectasis – What is it, Causes and Treatments:

Main Causes of Bronchiectasis:  Any lung injury can cause Bronchiectasis . There are two main categories of this condition. One is related to Cystic Fibrosis (CF), and is known as CF Bronchiectasis  . CF is a genetic condition that causes abnormal mucus production.

  • The other category is Non-CF Bronchiectasis , which is not related to CF. The most common known conditions that can lead to non-CF Bronchiectasis include:
  • An abnormally functioning immune system:
  • inflammatory bowel disease :
  • autoimmune diseases:
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD):
  • Alpha 1-antitrypsin deficiency (an inherited cause of COPD):
  • HIV:
  • Allergic aspergillosis (an allergic lung reaction to the fungus):
  • Lung infections  such as whooping cough and tuberculosis:
  • Cystic fibrosis causes about a third of all cases of bronchiectasis . CF affects the lungs and other organs like the pancreas and liver. In the lungs , this results in infections :
  • repeated. In other organs, this causes a malfunction:

Symptoms of Bronchiectasis:  Symptoms of Bronchiectasis can take months or even years to develop. If you experience any of these symptoms, you should see your doctor immediately for diagnosis and treatment. Some typical symptoms include:

  • Chronic daily cough:
  • coughing up blood :
  • Abnormal sounds or hissing in chest with breathing:
  • shortness of breath :
  • chest pain:
  • Cough up large amounts of thick mucus every day:
  • weight loss :
  • fatigue:
  • Thickening of the skin under your nails and toes, known as clubbing:
  • frequent respiratory infections  :

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Treatment For Bronchiectasis:  There is no cure for Bronchiectasis , but treatment is important to help you manage the condition. The main goal of treatment is to keep bronchial infections  and secretionsunder control. It is also critical to prevent other airway obstructions and minimize lung damage. Common methods of treating bronchiectasis include:

  • Methods to clear the airways (such as breathing exercises and chest physiotherapy):
  • Pulmonary rehabilitation:
  • Antibiotics to prevent and treat infections  – studies are currently being done on new formulations of inhaled antibiotics:
  • Bronchodilators such as mabuterol (Proventil) and etiotropism (Aspirative) to open the airways:
  • Medications to thin mucus:
  • Expectorants to aid in coughing up mucus:
  • oxygen therapy:
  • Vaccines to prevent respiratory infections  :
  • You may need the help of chest physical therapy. One way is a high frequency chest wall oscillation vest to help clear your lungs of mucus. The vest:
  • gently compresses and releases your chest, creating the same effect as a cough. This prevents mucus from the walls of the bronchial tubes:
  • If there is bleeding in the lung , or if the bronchiectasis is only in one part of the lung , you may need surgery to remove the affected area:

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